Paradox in The Iraqi Leaves

a collection of poems by Ahmed Jar-Allah

  • Ekhlas Mahmoud Abdullah College of Arts-Mosul University
Keywords: Paradox, Verbal Paradox, Dramatic Paradox, Iraqi Leaves, Ahmed Jar-Allah


This paper, which is entitled ( Paradox in The Iraqi Leaves : a collection of poems by Ahmed Jar-Allah )tackles the theme of paradox in this collection which was published in 2013 including narrative poems , very short stories and slogans. In this collection, the poet focuses on marginalized elements of life, and presents this sarcastically according to nowadays situation .It is a paradoxical vision of reality and what is common. It is an attempt to monitor the contradictions and cons of reality in a sarcastic way. As an attempt to put a critical view that can achieve the essence and content that the poet seeks to elaborate in his poetry, my work focused on tracking the impact of the paradox in his constructive and verbal poetic texts , whose function is to support the semantic structure and to depend on contradiction.


Download data is not yet available.


Ibn Manzur, Abi al-Fadil Jamal-al-Din Muhammad Ibn Makram (1997). Lisan Al Arab. 6th edition. Beirut - Lebanon: Sader Publishing House.

Ataimish, Mohsen (986). Deir al-Malak: A Critical Study of the Artistic Phenomena in the Contemporary Iraqi Poetry. ed. 1. Baghdad, Iraq.

Al-Hussein, Ahmed Jassim (1997). The Very Short Story: A Critical Study. 1st ed. Damascus-Syria: The publications of Akrama House for Printing, Publishing and Distribution.

Al-Khafaji, Qais Hamza (2007). The Paradox in the Poetry of the Pioneers. 1st edition. Iraq: Al-Wataniya Library, Baghdad, Dar Al-Arqam Press, Hilla for Printing and Publishing.

Zaitouni, Latif (2002). The Dictionary of Novel's Criticism Terminology. 1st edition. Beirut-Lebanon: al-Lubnani Library. Sulaiman, Dr. Khaled (1999). Paradox and Literature:Studies in the Theory and Practice.1st edition, Amman-Jordan: Dar Al-Shoroq.

Abed, Dr. Muhammad (2006). The Qur’anic Paradox: A Study in the Structure of Significance. 1st edition. Cairo: Arts Library.

Abd Radi, Dr. Hassan (2013). The Paradox in the Poetry of Abu Ala AlMaari. 1st edition. Baghdad-Iraq: Publications of Baghdad Project, the Capital of Arabian Culture.

Abd el-Noor, Jaboor (1979). Literary Dictionary. 1st edition. Beirut-Lebanon: Dar el-elim Lil-Malayeen.

Ateeq, Abdulaziz (1974). Embellishment. 1st edition. Beirut - Lebanon: Arab Renaissance Publishing House.

Al-Qadhi, Muhammad, et al. (2010). A Dictionary of Narrations, 1st edition. Baghdad. Tunisia: Arabic Language Library, International Association of Independent Publishers, Baghdad: Muhammad Ali Publishing House, Tunisia.

Al-Qazwini, Al-Khatib (2007). Explanation in the Sciences of Rhetoric.Revised by: Dr. Abdul Majeed Al-Hindawi. 3rd edition. Cairo: Al-Mukhtar Foundation for Publishing and Distribution.

Medas, Ahmed (2009). Text Linguistics - Towards a Method for Analyzing Poetic Discourse. 2n edition. Irbid_Jordan: The Modern World of Books.

Al-Masdi, Abdul-Salam (1982). Style and stylistics.2nd edition. Tunisia: Arab Book House.

Matloob, Dr. Ahmed (1987). Glossary of Rhetorical Terms and Their Development. Baghdad-Iraq: Iraqi Scientific Academy Press.

Moftah, Muhammad (1982). The Semiology of Ancient Poetry.1st edition. Morocco: Dar el-thaqafa.

Al-Mohandes, Kamel, & Wahba, Majdy (1984). Dictionary of Arabic Terms in Language and Literature. 2nd edition. Beirut-Lebanon: Lebanon Library.

Mewick, D. C. (1977). The Paradox and Its Attributes: An Encyclopedia of the Critical Term. Translated by Dr. Abdul Wahid Lu'lu. 1st edition, Baghdad-Iraq: Dar Al-Mamoun for Translation and Publishing. Yassin, Ahmed Jarallah (2013). The Iraqi Leaves. 1st edition, Mosul_ Iraq: Ibn Al-Atheer House for Printing and Publishing.

Ibrahim, Nabila (1987). The Paradox. Fusool Magazine, Egypt (Issues 3/4).

Rababi'aa, Musa (1997). The Expected and the Unexpected: A Study in the Aesthetics of Receiving. Yarmook Research Journal. Jordan (Issue 2).

Sulaiman, Khaled (1991). Paradox Theory. Yarmook Research Journal, Literature and Linguistics Series. Jordan, (Issue 2).

Qasim, Seeza (1982). The Paradox in Contemporary Arab storytelling. Fosool Magazine, Egypt, (No. 2).

Al-Preesam, Dr. Qassim. The Irony in Adnan Al-Sayegh's poetry (A Screaming in the size of nation Collection as a model): Al-Bustani, Prof.Dr. Bushra (2011). Irony of War Poetry, Reading in the Wreath of Jawad Al-Hattab. Almothaqaf Journal (1919 Issue): .

Jab-Allah, Osama Abdulaziz (2008). The Aesthetics of the Textual Paradox, A Primitive Reading in the Collection of (Badly Wounded) by Muhammad Sobhi. Arab Magazine: www.Dwainal-Arab .

Al-Zyood, Abdul-Basit. The Expected and the Unexpected in Mahmoud Darwish's Poetry.Umm Al-Qura Journal for Doctrine Sciences and Arabic Language and Literature, (Issue 37):

Sa'adia, Naeama (2007). Poetics of the Paradox Between Creativity and Receptivity. Journal of the College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Muhammad Khaider Biskra, (Issue 1): / enseignant / naimasaaddia / 01. pdif

Saleh, Dr. Bushra Moussa. The Paradox in Modern Iraqi Poetry. The Free Encyclopedia for Articles and Studies:

Abdulrahman, Kamal (2010). Contradiction Structure. in (Late Telegrams Collection) by Ahmed Jarallah Yassin: .

Ali, Najat (2009). The Concept of Paradox in Western criticism. Nizwa Magazine, (Issue 57): .

Ali, Dr. Assim Sammada (2011). The linguistic Paradox in the Tradition of Arabic Discourse: A Study in the Semantic Structure. Al-Athar, (issue 10): www.univ-auargla.dzlpagesweb .

Ghoneim, Kamal (2006). Theory of Pictorial Paradox: .

Yahya, Abdulkarim. Poetics of Critical Irony in (Late Telegrams). Al-Ittihad Newspaper: .

Ibn Saleh, Nawal (2012). Paradox Speech in Arabic Proverbs: Al-Midani's Comprehensive Collection of Proverbs as a Model. Biskra University, Faculty of Literature and Languages, Department of Literature and Arabic Language, Algeria: .

Al-Abbas, Arshad Youssif Abbas Saleh (2006). Paradox in Walid Al- Khassi's Stories. PhD Dissertation, College of Education, University of Mosul, Iraq.

Abdullah, Saleh Muhammad (2001). The Narrative Paradox: Arabic Novel as a Model. PhD Dissertation, College of Education, University of Mosul, Iraq.

Fariha, Yberir (2010). The Stylistic Paradox in Al-Hamadhani Maqams. MA Thesis, Qasdi Mirbah & Reqla University, The People's Republic of Algeria: .

Yassin, Ahmad Jarallah (9/6/2019). A Dialogue in the Department of Arabic Language, University of Mosul, College of Arts

How to Cite
Abdullah, E. (2020). Paradox in The Iraqi Leaves. Al-Adab Journal, 1(135), 91-116.
Linguistics and Arabic literature