Al-Adab Journal https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer-review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> Baghdad University - College of Arts en-US Al-Adab Journal 1994-473X <p><strong>Copyright and Licensing:</strong><br>For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license</strong></a>, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.</p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers:&nbsp;</strong>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).</p> <p><strong>Permission is required for:&nbsp;</strong>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.<br>Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.<br>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.<br>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</p> <p><br><strong>Permission is not required for:&nbsp;</strong>Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".<br>Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.<br>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.<br>Obtaining Permission</p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> The critical vision of poetic creativity in the critical heritage of the Arabs https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1439 <p>/</p> Sahab Muhammad Al-Asadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2051-06-15 2051-06-15 1 138 1 36 10.31973/aj.v0i112.1439 Postgraduate Students Skills in Scientific and Methodological Writing for Master Thesis https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1144 <p>The study Aimed at Revealing That Scientific writing skills To Master thesis For Graduate Students. No Doubt That the Skill of Scientific Writing Academy Its Language Skill, for university Professors and Graduate Student Whom Scientific Research and Scientific production Constitute Distinguishing Mark in Their personalities And Standard to Be Judged by Them or by them.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Which Prompted the Researcher To search for the most Important Skills That Contributed to raise the level Of Scientific Writing for Graduate Student. The Researcher Prepared a Questionnaire Consisting of 35 Item Distributed on four Axes: Which Are research Skills, Ideas Skill, Continuation Skills, Style Skills, Documentation Skill After Making Sure of Its Validity and Reliability. It Was Applied to the Graduate Students of The Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences, Who Numbered in Total (24) Meal, (43) Female&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Statistical Means ,chi-Square, Weight Means&nbsp; And Pearson Coefficient ,To reveal The Results Of Her Search The Results Saved That (16) Items Represents Achieved Aspects And(14)Item Represents Not Achieved Aspect .The Results Revealed That The Highest Skill Axes In Terms Of Weighted Average And Percentage Weight Are Skill Of Style ,Research Skills ,Skill Of Ideas And Finally The Skill Of Documentation&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Recommendation: Prepare a Guide That Summarizes the Most Prominent</p> <p>Proposals: Training Program to Develop Scientific Writing Skills for University Students.</p> Ruaa Abdul Razzaq Abdul-Fattah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 1 138 211 238 10.31973/aj.v1i138.1144 The Damascene Historian, Hebat Allah ibn Al-Akfani (d. 524 AH / 1129 CE) and his book "Tassmeyat Umara Demashq" https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/993 <p>This study aims to shed light on the Damascene historian, Hebt Allah Ibn Al-Akfani (d. 524 AH / 1129 CE) and his book “Tassmeyat Umara Demashq”, by showing the features of Ibn Al-Akfani’s life and explaining the importance of his book, especially since he is one of the few historians who contemplated the Fatimid state during its rule in the Levant. , And the contemporary of the fall of his control over him, and the study tries to shed light on his family, his life, his culture, his inclinations and his influences in his historical writings, and studying the remains of his book "Tassmeyat Umara Demashq " missing and available we say about him in some of the subsequent sources on him, his method of classifying his book, and the resources that he adopted It is based on its classification, methodology, and importance for the history of Damascus, for Fatimid studies in general, and for the time range of its book.</p> <p>The study concluded that Ibn Asaker relied on Ibn Al-Akfani’s book in most of his translations on the Fatimid princes of Damascus, and Ibn Al-Akfani’s approach to the history of the year (history over the years) in organizing his book, and his keen desire to provide the accurate history of his incidents, and the reasons for isolation and assumption of the princes, their ethnic origins and their surnames.</p> <p>The study concluded that it relied on the sources of contemporary events from its elders and elders, in addition to the state records, and its observations of the events that were contemporary, and that his inclinations towards his news were moderate with a clear bias to the Abbasid caliphate in the face of the Fatimid caliphate, but his bias was moderate compared to other historians.</p> Issam Mustafa Okleh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 1 138 119 144 10.31973/aj.v1i138.993