Al-Adab Journal <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer-review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> Baghdad University - College of Arts en-US Al-Adab Journal 1994-473X <p><strong>Copyright and Licensing:</strong><br>For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license</strong></a>, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. 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Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".<br>Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.<br>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.<br>Obtaining Permission</p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> Sentence Conjunctions in Surat Youssef <p>This research aims to study conjunctions in Surat Youssef. The research plan was as follows:</p> <p>The introduction included the research plan, questions, research limits, reasons for choosing it and previous studies</p> <p>The preface included the lexical and contextual definition of conjunction and conjunctions in the Quranic studies</p> <p>The research topics included: Three topics, topic one included:</p> <p>The conjunctions in the views of ancient and modern scholars</p> <p>The conjunctions in the views of modern scholars</p> <p>Topic two included sentences as follows:</p> <p>the lexical and contextual definition of sentences</p> <p>types of sentences</p> <p>Topic three included types of conjunctions as follows:</p> <p>Sentences conjunctions</p> <p>Conjunctions in Surat Youssef</p> <p>The conclusion included the most important findings, sources and references. The research concluded the following findings</p> <p>Sentence conjunctions have direct role in linking the text and its contribute to its harmony and have an impact on revealing the Quranic verses meanings</p> <p>Pronouns have apparent impact on the linking of sentences as they clarify the meaning and&nbsp; lead to the text being shorten and brief</p> <p>Conjunctions connects the words together, nouns to nouns, verbs to verbs, sentence to sentence, and make the text as a connected unit and harmonious.</p> <p>Interrogatives connect parts of speech and alert the recipient's mind to the intended meaning.</p> <p>The Chapters of the Noble Qur’an are fit, in a way that achieves the objective unity in it.</p> <p>The conjunctions evident in Surat Yusuf, for this is the surah that was not repeated in the Qur’an, rather, it came completely in one surah.</p> Fatima Mohammed Taher Hamid ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 2 140 25 56 10.31973/aj.v1i140.1402 Grammatical linkage and its effect on textual cohesion (Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf Al-Thaqafi for the people of Iraq as a model) <p>Linking occupies a prominent position in the linguistics of the text, as it is one of the things that textual scholars have been interested in in their research; Because it achieves coherence and formal cohesion in the surface structure, with multiple different relationships that link the words of one sentence and the sentences of one text, making it an integrated whole that is not dispersed by phrases and meanings. The researcher dealt with this issue in the speeches of Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf to the people of Iraq, and his relationship is characterized by violence, oppression and severe prejudice against them in his sermons. There is a variety of use in these links, and the phenomenon of linkage has a clear impact on textual cohesion and harmony, and it is not isolated from the concepts and terms in “traditional grammar” “towards the sentence.” Linking from a perspective towards the text and towards the sentence; Because of the existence of a relationship between them, referring to the opinions of grammarians and the positions of scholars, and the use of linking with tools, linking with context, then linking with referrals, then the study concluded with a conclusion in which the most prominent results were.</p> Isrra Ghanim Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 2 140 1 26 10.31973/aj.v2i140.1790 Dr. Abdul Sattar Al Jawari between facilitation and renewal <p>Is Dr. Abdul Sattar Al-Jawari is one of the modern grammar scholars, and although he was influenced by the early sculptors, he prevailed over his statements affecting Professor Ibrahim Mustafa, and was not affected by modern linguistic studies in the West, and that his call-in facilitation will not go beyond the limits of what the ancients put him, as facilitation is shorthand and overcoming the difficult of grammar investigations. The research included a preface in which it dealt with the life of the neighborhood and divided the research into two chapters, the first chapter entitled (facilitation and renewal in grammar) and included two researches, the first of which dealt with the origin and concept of both facilitation and renewal, the causes of facilitation and its sources and the renewal of grammar After that, I moved to indicate the classification of attempts at facilitation, as I explained the methods that go the way, but the second topic of the first chapter came with the title "Grammar facilitation of the ancients and modernists" and it was in two sections, which dealt in paragraph (first) the opinions of the ancients but in the paragraph Secondly, it dealt with the opinions of the modernist, and marked the second chapter (the efforts of the neighborhood between facilitation and renewal) in which it addressed his attempt to facilitate through his four books (towards facilitation, towards the Qur'an, towards action, and towards meanings).</p> Inas Abdul Majid Latif ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 2 140 27 62 10.31973/aj.v2i140.1795