Al-Adab Journal https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer-review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> Baghdad University - College of Arts en-US Al-Adab Journal 1994-473X <p><strong>Copyright and Licensing:</strong><br>For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license</strong></a>, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.</p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers:&nbsp;</strong>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).</p> <p><strong>Permission is required for:&nbsp;</strong>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.<br>Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.<br>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.<br>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</p> <p><br><strong>Permission is not required for:&nbsp;</strong>Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".<br>Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.<br>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.<br>Obtaining Permission</p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> Tying between theory and practice https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/755 <p>Arabic is characterized by being a coherent linguistic system, and like other languages ​​in which each of its elements is compatible with another component that complements the aesthetic meaning of reality or metaphor, and this is called tying, as two or more words combine functional union, so they become like the one word in its position in the aesthetic structure, as the relationship of attribution Which in the two sentences: nominal and actual, and the relationship of the adjective to the descriptive, the addition to the addition to it, the conjugation of the conditional sentence with the instrument and the condition of the condition and its answer, the definition and denial, the matching, the neighbor and the object, and the verb that is already transgressive, regardless of its infringement to the object of one or more, and as a relationship The correlation between some verbs and letters of meanings, and therefore this research seeks to reveal this grammatical system and to clarify the most important elements of the syndrome in the chapter on Arabic grammar. The research used the descriptive analytical method in explaining the importance of Tying in grammatical thought, and showed important results that the Arabic grammar is based on a two-element system, and this division is useful for educational curriculum developers and teachers, and the research concluded several recommendations, the most important of which is the use of linguists And professors of the curriculum with the phenomenon of Tying being present in grammatical thought from its beginner to the present time.</p> mohammad hamdan alreqeb ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-15 2021-03-15 1 136 159 172 10.31973/aj.v1i136.755 Spatial variation of date production in Al-Zahdi and Al-Khistawi in Iraq for the duration (2010-2019) and its future predictions https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1176 <p>The study is part of agricultural studies that address the productivity problem of the two most prominent types of dates in areas known to have been cultivated since ancient times. Palm cultivation and date production are constantly deteriorating in most of its production areas, so the study summarized the spatial variation of the production of Al-Zahdi and Al-Khistawi in iraq's production provinces for the period (2010-2019), to determine the volume of production and future predictions using approved statistical methods.</p> <p>The study was followed by two main approaches (geospatial analysis method) to determine spatial variations in production (and the inference analysis method) as the simple linear regression model was chosen to find the predictive value of its production in the study area by relying on a time series of production quantity (2010-2019) by provinces and for the two categories through a set of results such as correlation value coefficient and F value of the overall morality of the regression equation and the value (t) of the partial parameters of the parameters. According to this model, the production of the two categories was predicted until 2025, and the results showed a spatial and temporal variation in production at the level of the producing provinces. The hierarchical cluster analysis was used to divide the provinces into clusters with common elements and characteristics in production and which is unique from the rest of the provinces by producing one of the categories, indicating the specificity of these provinces in their production in quantity and quality. Based on the data available from the Ministry of Planning/Central Bureau of Statistics/Directorate of Agricultural Statistics on production volumes at the level of the provinces producing for the calculated period.</p> <p>The study included many tables, charts and illustrative maps, the study also came up with a number of conclusions and proposals, and the study relied on many important sources in the topic.</p> Dr. Amal Sabah Hassan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-15 2021-03-15 1 136 81 106 10.31973/aj.v1i136.1176 Alienation in Scapegoat novel by Elie Amir https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/825 <p>This study aims to study the phenomenon of alienation in the novel " Scapegoat " by Elie Amir, because this phenomenon appears more clear in this novel, and it represents a current that dominates its data and intellectual and artistic trends, especially that the writer was able to embody this pivotal phenomenon distinctive technical embodiment, and revealed The nature of the relationship between the real world and the dream world of personalities, and the contradictory, opposing, collision and sense of frustration, loss and alienation that characterize it. The study included the following axes:</p> <p>Amir's reality and conditions of his life. The concept of alienation. Alienation in fiction. Intellectual data in the novel. Manifestations of alienation in the novel. Narrative techniques and their role in highlighting the experience of alienation.</p> Ali Mohamed Rasheed ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-15 2021-03-15 1 136 639 660 10.31973/aj.v1i136.825