Al-Adab Journal https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer-review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright and Licensing:</strong><br>For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license</strong></a>, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.</p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers:&nbsp;</strong>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).</p> <p><strong>Permission is required for:&nbsp;</strong>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.<br>Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.<br>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.<br>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</p> <p><br><strong>Permission is not required for:&nbsp;</strong>Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".<br>Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.<br>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.<br>Obtaining Permission</p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> aladabjournalbag@coart.uobaghdad.edu.iq (Prof. Dr. Abdullah S. Abood) alhyalem@gmail.com (Maha Alameen) Sun, 13 Dec 2020 11:40:55 +0100 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Educational requirements to confront the methods of intellectual extremism among Baghdad University students from the viewpoint of their teachers https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/886 <p>Intellectual extremism has become a global phenomenon that all Arab and Western societies suffer from, as many educated and illiterate young people have slipped into it. Intellectual extremism has become a dangerous and rapidly spreading disease among university students. Perhaps the reason behind this is knowledge openness, technological progress, globalization, intellectual conflict and misunderstanding Or weakness of the truth of religion and legal constants, and this has pushed all educational, educational and social institutions in order to confront the methods of intellectual extremism seeking to advance and preserve students, as universities bear the great responsibility in that as Thought institutions and research centers from research and community role as well as the educational role, and seeks a researcher to highlight the importance of the role of the requirements of educational social, cultural, political, economic, religious and sports to counter intellectual extremism and methods of prevention of them that have become threatening the security and stability of society.</p> <p>The researcher has built and developed the research tool, which is a questionnaire that includes (60) items distributed over six different fields that contain educational requirements to confront the methods of intellectual extremism. The research sample was chosen by the random layer method, which numbered (400) professors and professors at (188) of males and (212) of females distributed over three different colleges who were chosen by drawing method from the total research community of (6321) professors and professors.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Ahmed Hussein Ali, Hisham Mohammed Khalaf ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/886 Tue, 15 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 The effect of Hawkins' method on achieving social studies for fifth grade primary school students https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1197 <p>The current research aims to identify (the effect of Hawkins' method on the achievement of social studies for the fifth elementary pupils), and in order to verify the research goal, the researcher set the following hypothesis: There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0,05), between the average pupil degrees&nbsp; The experimental group who studied the subject of social studies using the Hawkins method and the mean scores of the control group who study the same subject in the traditional way in the post achievement test.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; The researcher adopted the experimental approach and experimental design with the control group with the post test, and the research community determined the fifth primary school pupils in the government day and primary schools belonging to the six education directorates in Baghdad governorate, and the experiment was applied to the research sample that was represented by the fifth primary school pupils in the third chest school&nbsp; The Governmental Primary Day School for Boys, affiliated to the General Directorate of Rusafa Education for the second year, for the academic year (2019-2020), as it consisted of (65) students, with (32) students in the experimental group, which was studied according to the Hawkins method, and (33) students in the control group&nbsp; And that was studied according to the traditional method.</p> <p>&nbsp;The researcher has built the research tool of the post achievement test, where the test consisted of multiple of (30) items, the validity of the test was verified and the stability and calculation of psychometric properties were applied, and the test was applied after the completion of the experiment that took the first semester of the academic year (2019-2020), where&nbsp; It started on Thursday, corresponding to (10/10/2019), and ended with conducting the post-test on Thursday corresponding (19/1/2020). After calculating the test results by adopting the T-test for two independent samples, the result was:</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; There is a statistically significant difference at the level (0,05) between the average score of students of the experimental group who are studying according to the Hawkins method, and the average score of students of the control group who study according to the traditional method of achievement in favor of the experimental group.</p> <p>&nbsp;Based on the result that the researcher reached a number of conclusions, including:</p> <p>1- Teaching Hawkins method in the subject of social studies for fifth graders, has the effect of raising the level of academic achievement, compared to the traditional method.</p> <p>2- Hawkins' method has proven effective in making pupils a focus of the educational process, and this is what all modern teaching methods advocate.</p> <p>3- Hawkins' method focuses on the principle of collaborative work between students and their peers and the teacher, which leads to the exchange of information and the raising of the level of knowledge, then the role of the teacher will be a guide and a guide to their progress towards educational goals.</p> <p>4- Teaching according to Hawkins' method provides more opportunities for students to express themselves effectively.</p> <p>&nbsp;In light of the research results, the researcher recommended recommendations, including:</p> <p>1- Adopting Hawkins' method of teaching social studies at the primary stage, for its role in raising the level of achievement for students.</p> <p>2- Preparing and preparing classrooms to help the teacher teach according to the Hawkins method, as the researcher faced some difficulties in preparing the classroom</p> Hassan Hillel Lafta, Bushra Hassan Mathqoor ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1197 Tue, 15 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Early Start Denver Model Developing Social Skills for Virtual Autism Children https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1198 <p>The study aimed to build an early intervention program, the Denver model, according to behavioral cognitive methods. And knowing the effect of the program on developing social skills for children with virtual autism. To verify this goal, the researcher put the following hypothesis. There are no statistically significant differences between the mean ranks of the members of the experimental group in the pre- and post-applications on a scale.</p> <p>(CASR2-ST) The current research was limited to children with virtual autism disorder registered at the Al-Noor Institute and Basmat Amal Center in the city of Baghdad (2018-2019)</p> <p>To achieve the aims of the research, the experimental design with the two experimental and control groups with pre- and post-testing was used. The research sample was of 18 children with virtual autism disorder distributed on two groups that were equivalent between them in the age, intelligence, and educational level of the parents, the number of hours of using the electronic screens. The hypothetical autism was measured on a scale (CASR2-ST). To achieve the aim of the research, the researcher prepared an early intervention program, according to the Denver model. The program was corrupted from eight sessions with two sessions per week, the time of each session (60-45) minutes. The research required employing appropriate statistical means. After completing the application of the program, the result of the research resulted in there are statistically significant differences between the average ranks of the experimental and controlling group scores on a scale (CASR2-ST) in the post-test and the researcher concluded that the methods of early intervention have a clear effect in reducing hypothetical autism Among children, and through the results, the researcher reached a set of recommendations and proposals.</p> Hanan Mousa imran, Hasan Ali Sayid ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/1198 Tue, 15 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100