Al-Adab Journal 2021-05-11T01:27:43+02:00 Prof. Dr. Abdullah S. Abood Open Journal Systems <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer-review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> Tying between theory and practice 2021-05-11T01:27:43+02:00 mohammad hamdan alreqeb <p>Arabic is characterized by being a coherent linguistic system, and like other languages ​​in which each of its elements is compatible with another component that complements the aesthetic meaning of reality or metaphor, and this is called tying, as two or more words combine functional union, so they become like the one word in its position in the aesthetic structure, as the relationship of attribution Which in the two sentences: nominal and actual, and the relationship of the adjective to the descriptive, the addition to the addition to it, the conjugation of the conditional sentence with the instrument and the condition of the condition and its answer, the definition and denial, the matching, the neighbor and the object, and the verb that is already transgressive, regardless of its infringement to the object of one or more, and as a relationship The correlation between some verbs and letters of meanings, and therefore this research seeks to reveal this grammatical system and to clarify the most important elements of the syndrome in the chapter on Arabic grammar. The research used the descriptive analytical method in explaining the importance of Tying in grammatical thought, and showed important results that the Arabic grammar is based on a two-element system, and this division is useful for educational curriculum developers and teachers, and the research concluded several recommendations, the most important of which is the use of linguists And professors of the curriculum with the phenomenon of Tying being present in grammatical thought from its beginner to the present time.</p> 2021-03-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Spatial variation of date production in Al-Zahdi and Al-Khistawi in Iraq for the duration (2010-2019) and its future predictions 2021-05-11T01:27:24+02:00 Dr. Amal Sabah Hassan <p>The study is part of agricultural studies that address the productivity problem of the two most prominent types of dates in areas known to have been cultivated since ancient times. Palm cultivation and date production are constantly deteriorating in most of its production areas, so the study summarized the spatial variation of the production of Al-Zahdi and Al-Khistawi in iraq's production provinces for the period (2010-2019), to determine the volume of production and future predictions using approved statistical methods.</p> <p>The study was followed by two main approaches (geospatial analysis method) to determine spatial variations in production (and the inference analysis method) as the simple linear regression model was chosen to find the predictive value of its production in the study area by relying on a time series of production quantity (2010-2019) by provinces and for the two categories through a set of results such as correlation value coefficient and F value of the overall morality of the regression equation and the value (t) of the partial parameters of the parameters. According to this model, the production of the two categories was predicted until 2025, and the results showed a spatial and temporal variation in production at the level of the producing provinces. The hierarchical cluster analysis was used to divide the provinces into clusters with common elements and characteristics in production and which is unique from the rest of the provinces by producing one of the categories, indicating the specificity of these provinces in their production in quantity and quality. Based on the data available from the Ministry of Planning/Central Bureau of Statistics/Directorate of Agricultural Statistics on production volumes at the level of the provinces producing for the calculated period.</p> <p>The study included many tables, charts and illustrative maps, the study also came up with a number of conclusions and proposals, and the study relied on many important sources in the topic.</p> 2021-03-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Alienation in Scapegoat novel by Elie Amir 2021-05-11T01:27:42+02:00 Ali Mohamed Rasheed <p>This study aims to study the phenomenon of alienation in the novel " Scapegoat " by Elie Amir, because this phenomenon appears more clear in this novel, and it represents a current that dominates its data and intellectual and artistic trends, especially that the writer was able to embody this pivotal phenomenon distinctive technical embodiment, and revealed The nature of the relationship between the real world and the dream world of personalities, and the contradictory, opposing, collision and sense of frustration, loss and alienation that characterize it. The study included the following axes:</p> <p>Amir's reality and conditions of his life. The concept of alienation. Alienation in fiction. Intellectual data in the novel. Manifestations of alienation in the novel. Narrative techniques and their role in highlighting the experience of alienation.</p> 2021-03-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##