Al-Adab Journal 2023-09-15T09:32:58+00:00 Prof. Luma Faeq Jameel Al-Any [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p><strong><a href=""><label class="pkpFormFieldLabel" for="masthead-onlineIssn-control">E-ISSN: </label></a><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"><a href="">2706-9931</a> </span><a href=""><label class="pkpFormFieldLabel" style="font-size: 0.875rem;" for="masthead-printIssn-control">P-ISSN: </label><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">1994-473X</span></a></strong></p> <p>A scientific academic peer-review Journal published by <a href="">College of Arts</a>, <a href="">University of Baghdad</a>.</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time. Four issues per year in March, June, September and December.</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various <strong>Humanities fields</strong>.</p> La traducción del chiste cultural del español al árabe 2023-08-21T07:55:44+00:00 Sura Hameed [email protected] Reyadh Jasim [email protected] <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; El presente trabajo se centra en la traducción de los chistes de componente cultural del español al árabe, intentamos demostrar en qué medida el chiste cultural puede ser traducido al árabe, y probar la eficacia de las estrategias propuestas por los autores y lingüistas para traducir el chiste cultural, al aplicarlas en la traducción de chistes españoles al árabe. Para hacer nuestro trabajo más elaborado, hemos incluido un conjunto de chistes en la parte práctica donde hemos aplicado los métodos de traducción correspondientes para cada ejemplo de chistes, estos ejemplos los hemos obtenido de diferentes sitios en la Web, por la falta de fuentes o libros que incluyen todos los elementos culturales que queremos exponer en nuestro estudio.<strong>&nbsp; </strong>Después de la traducción determinamos si la estrategia ha tenido éxito en transmitir el mensaje del chiste original y en producir un efecto humorístico equivalente.</p> 2023-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The phenomenon of synonymy and its strings in guiding semantic relations 2023-08-21T07:35:06+00:00 Shaima Jarallah [email protected] AbdulHussein Wadi [email protected] <p>Tandem is very important; Being concerned with the relationship between words and meanings in order to communicate between people, despite the existence of deniers of its existence in the past and in modern times, we also find supporters; Therefore, this research aims to shed light on the phenomenon of synonymy in the book Tuhfat al-Muhtaj Bi Sharh al-Minhaj, as Al-Haytami proved several synonymous words such as (praise and praise) despite the distinction between them among others, and the research included the reasons for the existence of this phenomenon in Arabic, and the research concluded that there Synonymous words in the masterpiece book, and the approach adopted in the research is the analytical - inductive approach<strong>.</strong></p> 2023-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Digital morphometric analysis of some basins and valleys of the Samawah desert 2023-08-21T07:17:23+00:00 AbdulHassan Al-Saeedi [email protected] Abdallah Abood [email protected] <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The basin of Wadi Abu Ghar and the basins associated with it are considered to be river basins that are characterized by their dryness in most days of the year as a result of being located within the desert region in the western part of Iraq, which is characterized by its dryness in most days of the year, as water flows in it during the rainy season only after the rain falls first. And as a result of the occurrence of torrents and floods that are produced due to the arrival of large quantities of water from the highest and steepest areas, and accordingly, the morphometric characteristics, whether the spatial, morphological, topographical, and drainage characteristics, have a major role in explaining the nature of the natural characteristics such as height, slope, ruggedness, etc., which in turn leads to The occurrence of water runoff contributes to the formation of a stratified sedimentary column Also, the morphometric characteristics vary in their impact on the sedimentary product that forms the stratigraphic column of the river basins, and this is done using modern geographical technologies, as well as making use of topographical maps and satellite visuals. More than one scientific approach was used, and the mathematical approach was used through the use of mathematical equations to know the formal, topographic and drain values, as well as the use of the descriptive approach as well as the analytical approach to analyze the spatial and topographic data that were extracted from the application of mathematical equations.</p> 2023-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023