Magical Realism in E. M. Forster’s A Passage to India

  • Nawal Hamdan Mahmoud Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Mustansiriya University
Keywords: Magical Realism, E. M. Forster, A Passage to India, Marabar Caves, Literature of British India, Clash of cultures in British India, Clash of cultures in Fiction, Novels set in British India, Indian Novels


This paper examines the elements of magical realism in E. M. Forster’s novel A Passage to India which ranks among the top 100 novels written in English, and in which the writer immersed deeply in India with its – land, civilization, mythology, folklore, and the multiple religious beliefs of its inhabitants that constituted a literary mixture for his novel, taken from the place, precisely the Marabar Caves, a key element and literary background so that it plays the main and effective role in the novel, and is almost the focus of its events around which the rest of the events rally, while highlighting at the same time some of the causes of conflict and misunderstanding going on over time between East and West that are often depicted through clash of cultures in Literature of British India.

The research proceeds from an introduction to magical realism as an artistic term that evolved on into a literary technique that in turn found its way into the fiction of many Latin American writers, which later on becomes a literary school with its literary features and elements. The introduction also refers to the most prominent representatives of this school, noting that this style was present in the literature of previous eras. Ultimately, the conclusion is drawn by means of reviewing the novel indicated.


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How to Cite
Mahmoud, N. (2022). Magical Realism in E. M. Forster’s A Passage to India. Al-Adab Journal, 1(141), 27-46.
English linguistics and literature