Cultural Ecofeminism in Pat Mora's Poetry
The Desert as "Curandera"
Eco-feminist writers, in general, investigate the relationship between the oppression of women and the degradation of nature. Cultural ecofeminism, as a branch of ecofeminism, reclaims the twinning of nature with women in terms of productivity and bounty. Cultural eco-feminists emphasize a kind of affinity between elements of nature such as land, woods, desert….etc. and women, in an attempt to reach out to a better cultural community. They try to integrate their views of nature with culture. With such perspective, the current study approaches the poetry of the Mexican American poet, Pat Mora (1942-). Mora's attachment to the Mexican environment and culture greatly influences her literary output which is imbued with images of the desert stressing the cultural concept of the desert as a mother who is endowed with a healing power. She believes that one's culture and environment knit one's heritage and the process of recovering heritage conditions reviving cultural traditions, concepts, practices, values, beliefs and character of place. Thus, her writings focus on the cultural value of land, of communal identities and the Latino mythologies. She depicts Latino people who dwell in a harsh desert from which she unearths the stories of the past to heal the present with special emphasis on the role of land/ desert as a healer by exploiting the image of the curandera, the woman healer in the Mexican culture.
Barros, Kathlyn A. "Pat Mora" in Contemporary American Women Poets: An A-TO-Z Guide, Ed., Catherine Cucinella. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Gutiérrez, Laura Guzmán, Ricardo ReyesChilpa et al. "'Nervios', Anxiety, and Depression in Mexican Traditional Medicine". Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. 24.5 (2014): 591-608.
Junquera, Imelda Martín. “Curandera,” in Encyclopedia of Hispanic- American literature, Luz Elena Ramirez Ed. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2008.
Kim, Eunseong. "Pat Mora's Ecofeminist Perspective: Nature as a Ground of Resistance". English and American Culture. 3. 2 (2003): 360-370
Marcovitz, Hal. Who wrote that?: Pat Mora. New York: Chelsea House, 2008.
Martinez, Elizabeth Coonrod. "Resistance, Revolution, and Recuperation: The Literary Production of the Mestizo/Mexican American / Chicano" in A Companion to US Latino Literatures. Eds.Carlota Caulfield Darién J. Davis. Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2007.
McColley, Diane Kelsey. Poetry and Ecology in the Age of Milton and Marvell. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2007.
Merchant, Carolyn. Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World, New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005.
Miles, Kathryn . "Ecofeminism" Encyclopedia Britannica. Accessed: December 20, 2019.
Mora, Pat. Borders. Texas: Arte Publico Press,1986.
─────. Chants. Texas: Arte Publico Press,1985.
─────. Nepantla: Essays from the Land in the Middle. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1993.
─────. “Listening to the Desert: A Conversation with Pat Mora.” By Darwin L. Henderson. Ohio Journal of the English Language Arts 41. 1, (2000): 12-14
Murphy, Patrick D. "Conserving Natural and Cultural Diversity: The Prose and Poetry of Pat Mora". MELUS. 21.1(1996): 59-71
Wood, Jamie Martinez. Latino Writers and Journalists: A to Z of Latino Americans. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007.
Copyright (c) 2021 Najwa A. Khalid
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright and Licensing:
For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.
Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers: It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).
Permission is required for: Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.
Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.
Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.
Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.
Permission is not required for: Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".
Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.
Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.
In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.
The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.