The Damascene Historian, Hebat Allah ibn Al-Akfani (d. 524 AH / 1129 CE) and his book "Tassmeyat Umara Demashq"

  • Issam Mustafa Okleh University of Sharjah- College of Arts
Keywords: Ibn al-Akfani, naming the princes of Damascus, Damascus, the Seljuk’s, the Fatimid’s

Abstract

This study aims to shed light on the Damascene historian, Hebt Allah Ibn Al-Akfani (d. 524 AH / 1129 CE) and his book “Tassmeyat Umara Demashq”, by showing the features of Ibn Al-Akfani’s life and explaining the importance of his book, especially since he is one of the few historians who contemplated the Fatimid state during its rule in the Levant. , And the contemporary of the fall of his control over him, and the study tries to shed light on his family, his life, his culture, his inclinations and his influences in his historical writings, and studying the remains of his book "Tassmeyat Umara Demashq " missing and available we say about him in some of the subsequent sources on him, his method of classifying his book, and the resources that he adopted It is based on its classification, methodology, and importance for the history of Damascus, for Fatimid studies in general, and for the time range of its book.

The study concluded that Ibn Asaker relied on Ibn Al-Akfani’s book in most of his translations on the Fatimid princes of Damascus, and Ibn Al-Akfani’s approach to the history of the year (history over the years) in organizing his book, and his keen desire to provide the accurate history of his incidents, and the reasons for isolation and assumption of the princes, their ethnic origins and their surnames.

The study concluded that it relied on the sources of contemporary events from its elders and elders, in addition to the state records, and its observations of the events that were contemporary, and that his inclinations towards his news were moderate with a clear bias to the Abbasid caliphate in the face of the Fatimid caliphate, but his bias was moderate compared to other historians.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Daajani, Talal bin Saud (2004), Mawarid Ibn Asaker in the History of Damascus, the Islamic University, Medina.

Al-Dhahabi, Muhammad bin Ahmed (1996), Biographers of the flags of nobles, investigation: Shoaib Al-Arnaout, Al-Resala Foundation, Beirut.

Al-Dhahabi, Muhammad bin Ahmed (2003), History of Islam and the deaths of celebrities and media, investigation by Bashar AwadMaarouf, Dar Al-Gharb Al-Islami, Beirut.

Al-Kettani, Abdulaziz bin Ahmed (1987), The Tail of the birth and death of scientists, investigation by Abdullah Al-Hamad, Dar Al-Asimah, Riyadh.

Al-Munajjid, Salah (2006), A Dictionary of Damascene Historians, The New Book House, Beirut.

Al-Sakhawi, Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman (1986), Reprimanding those who insulted the people of history, Franz Rosenthal investigation, translation: Salih Ahmed Al-Ali, Al-Resala Foundation, Beirut.

Al-Salafi, Ahmed bin Mohammed (1993), A Dictionary of Travel, Investigation by Abdullah Al-Baroudi, Dar Al-Fikr, Beirut.

Al-Sibki, Abudel Wahab (1986), Mobid al- Nekam wa Mueid al- Neaim, Muasasit al Kitb al-Thakafiai, Beirut.

Cahen, Claude (1940), La Syrien Du Nord, InstitutFrançaise de Damas, Paris.

Haji Khalifa, Mustafa bin Abdullah (1980), Revealing misgivings about the names of books and arts, Arab Heritage Revival House, Beirut

Ibn Al-Adim, Kamal Al-Din Omar bin Ahmad bin AbiJarada (2016), With a view to demanding in the history of Aleppo, the investigation of the Al-Mahdi Al-Rawadiyah, Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation, London.

Ibn Al-Akfani, Hibatullah bin Ahmed (1987), Tail end of the history of the birth and death of scholars, investigation by Abdullah Al-Hamad, Dar Al-Asimah, Riyadh

Ibn al-Jawzi, Abd al-Rahman ibn Ali (1995), Al-Mu'tazim in the History of Kings and Nations, investigation: Muhammad Abd al-Qadir Atta and Mustafa Abd al-Qadir Atta, House of Scientific Books, Beirut.

Ibn Al-Qalansi, Hamza Bin Asad (1983), History of Damascus, Suhail Zakar Investigation, Dar Al-Fikr, Damascus 1

Ibn Asaker, Abu Al-Qasim Ali bin Al-Hussein (1995), History of the City of Damascus, Investigation of Omar Bin Al-Amrawi, Dar Al-Fikr, Beirut.

Ibn Asaker, Abu al-Qasim Ali bin al-Hussein (2000), Glossary of Sheikhs, Achievement of Wafa Taqial-Din, Dar Al-Bashaer, Damascus

Ibn Hajar, Ahmad bin Ali (1992), Founding lexicon for indexed lexical investigation, Joseph Al-Marashly, Dar Al-Marefa, Beirut.

Ibn Katheer, Imad Al-Din Ismail bin Omar (1996), Al-Baith Al-Hithith, Explanation of the Abbreviation of Hadith Sciences, Investigation by Ahmed Muhammad Shaker, Al-Maaref Library, Riyadh

Ibn Naqta, Muhammad bin Abdul Ghani (1984), The Book of Restraint to Know Narrators of Asanid, Ottoman Encyclopedia, Hyderabad Deccan.

Ibn Naqta, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Ghani (1987), Completion of Completion, investigation by Abd al-Qayyum Abd Rabb Al-Nabi, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukarramah.

Mahasn, Muhammad (2001), History of the City of Damascus during the Fatimid Rule, the First for Publishing, Damascus.

Mustafa, Shaker (1987), Arab History and Historians, Dar Al-Alam Mumline, Beirut.

Okleh, Issam (2014), Abu Muhammad Abdul-Moneim bin Ali, famously Ibn al-Nahwi (d. After 416 AH / 1025 CE) and his book on History, The Jordanian Journal of History and Archeology, Ministry of Higher Education, Amman, Second Issue, Volume 8, pp. 1-27

Okleh, Issam (2014), The Historian Abu Al-Mahasin Yahya bin Ali, famously Ibn Zureik (442-509 AH / 1051-1115AD) and his book on history, a study of the first contemporary Maasin Levantine texts of the First Frankish Crusade (490-492AH / 1097-1099 AD), Jordanian Journal of History and Archeology, Ministry of Higher Education, Amman, Number Two, Volume VIII, pp. 28-50.

Qabila Ibn al-Jawzi, Yusef bin Qazoglu (2013), A Mirror of time in the dates of notables, investigation by Ibrahim al-Zibak and others, Dar Al-Resala International, Damascus.

Published
2021-09-15
How to Cite
Okleh, I. (2021). The Damascene Historian, Hebat Allah ibn Al-Akfani (d. 524 AH / 1129 CE) and his book "Tassmeyat Umara Demashq". Al-Adab Journal, 1(138), 119-144. https://doi.org/10.31973/aj.v1i138.993
Section
Historiography