The French Occupation of Syria and the fall of Damascus and their reflections on Trans-Jordan

  • Dr.Abdalhameed Mohammad AbuSeeni Department of Allied Humanities/ Faculty of Arts/ Hashemite University /Jordan/ Zarqa
  • Dr.Amjad Ahmad Alzoubi Department of Humanities/ Faculty of Arts/ Philadelphia University/Jordan/Amman
Keywords: The Arabian Government, The Local Governments, Maysaloun Battle, Transjordan


The study investigated the reflections of the fall of the Arabian government administered by Prince Faisal bin Hussein in Damascus and the French occupation of Syria in July 24, 1920. It also investigated the consequences of this occupation on Trans-Jordan (Southeast of Bilad Alsham). Moreover, this study has also discussed the local citizens' reaction towards that occupation and their attempts to organize their local affairs in order to achieve their political pursuits in order to maintain the rest of their country. This study has provided two main themes depending on the possible available Jordanian British documents. The researchers used the descriptive historical approach. The results showed that the residents of Transjordan played a major role in influencing the event mainstream regarding resisting the French occupation project in the north of the Bilad Alsham as well as in the British occupation project in the south. The study recommends that it is necessary to uncover the hidden events regarding the resistance of the residents of the Bilad Alsham especially in the eastern parts towards the French occupation in the area in the first half of the twentieth century.


Download data is not yet available.


Al Ajlouni , Mohammad Ali,(2003) . Memories about the Arab Revolt. Amman: Al karmel Publishers.

Al Hakeem,Yusuf (1971). Syria and the Faisali period : 1918-1920. Cairo: AlMaaraif Publishers.

Al Husari, Sadi. The Day of Maisaloun: Selections from the Modern Arab History. Beirut: Dar Al Jalaa.

Al Lehaibi , Tharwat AlHinkawi(2014). The Western Colonization of the Lavent under the French Mandate. Amman: Dar Dijlah .

Al Madi , Muneeb and Suliman Al Musa (1988).The History of Jordan in the Twentieth Century. Amman : Al Muhtasib Publisher.

Al-Musa, Suliman(1990).The TransJordan: Establishment and Development in 25 Years 1921-1946.Amman: the Jordanian History Committee.

Al-Musa, Suliman (1971),The Arabic Movement: the history of the Arab Renaissance 1908-1920.Cairo: AlMaaraif Publishers.

Al Safari , Issa (1937). The Arabic Palestine between Mandatory and Zionist control. Jerusalem: Issa Alsafari..PDF version.

Alzoubi,Ahmad Mohammad(1993). Bright Sketches from Horan Strife. Damascus: Alshadi Press.

Alzoubi, Amjad(2002). Herbert Samuel: The British High Commissioner in Palestine and Transjordan and the Establishment of Transjordan Emara 1920-1925. Amman: The Academic Book Publisher.

Darwazeh , Mohammad(1950). On the Arabic Movement: History , Diaries and Comments.Vol.1. Lebanon: Saida,The Contemporary Press.

Jagandougha, Mohd khair(1985). Mirza Wasfi. A period from the History of the Lavent from Mirza documents. Amman: The Royal Scientific Society Press.

Khilla, Kamil(1983). The political Development in TransJordan 1921-1948. Libya,Tripoli: The Arab Establishment Press and Publisher.

Khreisat, Mohammad.(1991).The Jordanians and the National Issues 1918-1938.Amman: Jordan University Press.

Mahafza , Ali (1990). The Political thought in Jordan. Amman: The Jordanian Book Center.

Mahafza , Mohammad(1994). The Jordanian – Syrian relations 1921-1946: A study in the Political and Economical relationships. MA Thesis. Irbid: Yarmouk University.

Mitwali, Ahmad Fuad (1976). The Ottoman Colonization of the Levant and Egypt. Cairo: Dal Alnahda Alarabiya .

Obeidat,Mahmoud(2009).Men in the Memory of the homeland: Sheikh Naji Al Azzam . AL Lewaa Newspaper, January 17th .

Obeidat,Mahmoud (1993).The History of the Hero Ali Khulgi Alsharayri: Well-known men in the History of Jordan Series.Amman.

Obeidat, Mahmoud (1997).The Jordanian Role in the Arabic Syrian Strife. Amman : AlAhlayeh Publisher.

Obeidat,Mahmoud (2003).Khalaf Moh'd Al Tal , Well-known men in the History of Jordan Series, Amman: Addutour Press.

Qasmiyeh , Khayreyeh. The Arabic Government in Damascus between 1918-1920. Amman: Ministry of Culture ,Al Osra Library.

Saad, Ameen(N.D). The Great Arab Revolution: A detailed History for the Arab Revolution in 25 years.Cairo: Issa Albabi Press.

Sultan , Ali (1987). The History of Syria and the ruling of Faisal Bin Ali . Damascus : Tlas Press.

Al Kayaali, Abdulwahhab(1985) . The Encyclopedia of Politics. Beirut: The Arabic Institution for Publications.

Al Khond, Masoud (1997).The Geographical and Historical Encyclopedia: Beirut: Dar Rwad Al Nahda.

Brooks, Eugene C. (1916); Woodrow Wilson as President, (New York: Row Peterson and Company).

Pipes, Daniel(1990); Greater Syria: The History of an Ambition, (Oxford University Press ).

Jeffries, J.M.N(1967); The Balfour Declaration, (Beirut, Lebanon: The Institute of Palestine Studies,).

Jeff, Hay (2002); The Treaty of Versailles, San Diego, California : Greenhaven Press).

Howard, Harry, N(1963); The King-Crane Commission; an American inquiry in the Middle East, 1902-1987,( Beirut).

Hyndman, Henry Mayers(1919); Clemenceau, the Man and His Time, (New York: Frederick A. Stokes company).

Glubb, John Bagot(2018); The Story of the Arab Legion, (edited and published by Paul Bondarovski Publisher’s website).

Gardner, Brian(1966); Allenby of Arabia, (New York: Lawrence's general Coward-McCann Inc).

Kirkbride, Alec(1956), A Crackle of Thorns: Experiences in the Middle East. (London: John Murray).

Khoury, Philip Shukry(1987); Syria and The French Mandate: the Politics of Arab Nationalism, 1920 1945, (Princeton University Press,).

Leslie, Shane(1923); Mark Sykes: His Life and Letters, (London, New York, Toronto and Melbourne: Cassel and Company, Ltd).

Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley(1968); Syria and Lebanon under French mandate, Issued under the auspices of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, (Oxford University Press ).

McTague, John J(1983);British policy in Palestine, 1917-1922,(Lanham, Md, University Press of America ).

Parco, Herbert Du, M.A., B.C.L(1912); Life of David Lloyd George, of the Middle Temple, Barrister- at- Law, 4 Volume, (W.C, London :Caxton Publishing Company, Limited Clun House Surrey Street).

Ronaldshay, Earl Of(1928); Life of lord Curzon, being the authorized biography of George Nathaniel Marquess Curzon of Kedleston K.G, 3 volumes, (London: Ernest Benn Ltd).

Salim Yaqub(2003); The United States and the Middle East: 1914 to 9/11, (The Teaching Company).

Trukhanovsky V. G(N.D); Winston Churchill, Translated from the Russian by Kenneth Russell , Alex Miller (Chapter 11) and Christopher English (Chapters 12, 13) Moscow.

Vatikiotis, P. J(1967); Politics and the Military in Jordan: a study of the Arab Legion 1921–1957, (London: Frank Cass and Company Limited,).

Wilson, Mary(1987); King Abdullah, Britain and the Making of Jordan, (New York: Cambridge University Press,).

How to Cite
AbuSeeni, D., & Alzoubi, D. (2020). The French Occupation of Syria and the fall of Damascus and their reflections on Trans-Jordan. Al-Adab Journal, 1(135), 223-246.