Philosophy of History: The Professionalism of the Historian and the Philosophers' Opinions
The researcher tries to trace the sayings of the philosophers of history, explains their importance for both philosophy and history as well as their role in removing the contradiction between them, identifies the historian’s need for the philosophy of history in explaining historical events and linking them and searching for the reasons that led to their occurrence, fills the gaps left by the resources related to the topic under study and research, and criticizes the sources in their initial form.
The researcher proposes that the philosophy of history in the historian’s works includes all the mental and intellectual processes that the he performs while he is preoccupied in writing about a specific topic and is governed by a specific time and place, that is, everything that includes what the historian himself review about the topic (history).
The analytical philosophy of history is part of the philosophy of history that the historians are interested in, and it is in contrast to what philosophers do in their reflections or what they do while searching for general rules and laws governing the course of human history and the emergence and development of civilization and then its retreat and falling back, or their views on the secrets of the universe and the existence of man and what governs his life on earth. Does it go in an ascending line forward, as indicated by the theory of progress, for example, or the other theories?
The researcher hopes to demonstrate the benefits of the philosophy of history to both the historians and the philosophers and to prove the claim that the philosophy of history is a specific field of thought which stands on its own and at the same time is helpful to the sciences of history and philosophy, which is different from the history of philosophy.
Adel Hadjamy. (1 9, 2018). YouTube / Dr. Adel Hadjamy. Retrieved from Hegel's Philosophy and History / First Lecture: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%D9%81%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%81%D8%A9+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%AE+%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%84+%D8%AD%D8%AF%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A
Mortada Hassan Al-Naqib. (1999). The novice historian and the method of historical research. Baghdad: College of Arts.
Fernan Braudel. (2013). Material Civilization, Economy and Capitalism from the Fifteenth Century to the Eighteenth Century. Cairo: The National Center for Translation.
Will James Durant. (2018). Islamic Civilization: Origin and Advancement. Amman: Al Ahlia for Publishing and Distribution.
Francis Fukuyama. (1993). The end of history and the last man. Beirut: National Development Center.
Mustafa Hassan Nashar. (2012). Philosophy of history: its meaning, origin and most important doctrines. Amman: Dar Al-Maysara for publishing and distribution.
Hashem Yahya Al-Mallah. (2012). Detailed in the philosophy of history. Beirut, Lebanon: Scientific Books House.
Khaled Tatah. (2018). In the philosophy of history. Cairo: Vision for Publishing and Distribution.
Al-Hadi Al-Taymoumi. (2013). Modern historical schools. Beirut: Dar Al-Tanweer.
Jack Logoff. (2018). Does history really have to be sliced? Manama: Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities.
Abdul-Jabbar Naji. (2008). The philosophy of history and the inevitable end of civilization and the state. Baghdad: Civilization for Printing and Publishing.
Abdullah Laroui. (2005). Concept of history terms and doctrines. Casablanca, Morocco: Arab Cultural Center.
Gustave Le Bon. (2018). The philosophy of history: the scientific foundations of the philosophy of history. Amman: Al Ahlia for Publishing and Distribution.
Muhammad Habeeda. (2019). Historical Schools Berlin - Sorbonne - Strasbourg. Rabat: Dar Al-Aman.
Nigel Warburton. (2019). Brief history of philosophy. Baghdad: House of Scientific Books.
The Holy Quran. (2014). Damascus: Al-Furqan.
Ranajit Guha. (2019). History at the end of world history and other articles. Written by Partha Charjee, presented by Thaer Dib, translators. Manama: Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities.
Al-Sabtain International Corporation. (December 12, 2007). Is a man free to choose or obligated. Retrieved from Al-Sibtayn International: https://www.sibtayn.com/ar/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=414:Is-al-Man-Masir-Or-Chair?&catid=60&Itemid=954
Abdul Aziz Al-Alawi Al-Amrani. (No date). From the history of the narrative to the history of criticism. Retrieved from aljabriabed: https://www.aljabriabed.net/n84_01amrani.htm
Mohsin Muhammed Hussain. (2017). Civilization and Philosophy of History. Written by Saadoun Hillel (Editor). Baghdad, Iraq: Al-Jawahiri House.
Mohsin Muhammed Hussain. (2012). The nature of historical knowledge and the philosophy of history. Erbil: Mokhryani Foundation.
Copyright (c) 2021 Alaa Fadhil Al-Ameri
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright and Licensing:
For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.
Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers: It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).
Permission is required for: Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.
Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.
Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.
Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.
Permission is not required for: Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".
Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.
Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.
In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.
The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.