The Distribution of Metadiscourse Markers in Texts of English Trade Agreements

  • Alyaa Farooq Najeeb MA student / English department / college of languages / University of Baghdad
  • May Stephan Rezqallah Asst. Professor in English Department / college of languages / University of Baghdad
Keywords: Trade agreements, metadiscourse, Interactive markers, interactional markers


  Metadiscourse markers refer to the linguistic elements that establish a relationship between the writers and the readers, the current study has conducted a quantitative analysis to measure the distribution and frequencies of metadiscourse markers in the texts of English trade agreements. The study has adopted the classifications of Hyland (2005); these classifications been applied to four English trade agreements obtained from official websites; four extracts have been selected randomly from each agreement. The results of the study have revealed that the English agreements used Interactive markers more than interactional markers.


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How to Cite
Najeeb, A., & Rezqallah, M. (2022). The Distribution of Metadiscourse Markers in Texts of English Trade Agreements. Al-Adab Journal, 2(140), 1-16.
English linguistics and literature