Hawkers and their influence on the image of Syrian immigrants to the United States of America

  • Kefah Ahmed M. Najjar University of Baghdad /College of Arts/ History department
Keywords: Syrian immigrants, United States of America

Abstract

Thousands of Syrians, especially Christians, immigrated to the United States of America and formed a small Arab community in the states they inhabited (especially in New York, as they established what was known historically as Little Syria). These immigrants have had a good reputation in the United States of America because they were not criminals and did not form gangs specialized in theft or murder, and the courts of the United States of America did not witness crimes committed by the Syrians, whether they were murder, theft or assault on women.

But the good reputation of the Syrian immigrants has become a great threat due to the fact that many of them worked as street vendors who spread in all the states, and they were characterized by their poor clothes and their sympathy for people, especially as they were knocking on the doors and pressing the homeowners to buy the needs they were carrying in their boxes, which constituted a reaction to the Americans and made them look to the immigrant The Syrian as a dirty beggar.

In this research, I try to focus on the work of the Syrians in trade, especially the singular trade, the reason for its spread in the states, how the Syrians worked as itinerant sellers, and what are the reasons that led them to continue this work for several years despite its significant impact on their reputation and diminished their respect and prestige among the other immigrants from other countries

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References

Documentary Books:
Reports of The Immigration Commission, Dictionary Of Races or Peoples, December 5, 1910, Presented to Dillingham to Congress Senate, Document. No. 662.. Referred to the Committee on Immigration, Washington 1911.
The National Archives. 1989. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration,.
Books:
Alixa, Naff, 1922. Lebanese Immigration into the United States: 1880 to the Present , in The Lebanese in the World: A Century of Emigration (Oxford: The Center for Lebanese Studies.
Edward, Corsi , 1969. In the shadow of Liberty, Arno Press and New York Times.
Khater, Akram Fouad , 2001. Inventing Home Emigration , Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870-1920, Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press.
Merrill ,D. Peterson, 2004. Starving Armenians: America and the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1930 and After (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Roger, Daniels. 1997.Not Like Us: Immigrants and Minorities in America, 1890-1924. Chicago.
Stacy D Fahrenthold, 2014. Making Nations, in the Mahjar; Syrian and Lebanese Long distance nationalisms in New York city, Sao Paulo, and Buenos Aires, 1913-1929, Northeastern University Boston.
Thesis:
Ansara , James : 1931. The Immigration and Settlement of the Syrians , Harvard college , Ph,D. Honored Thesis .
Shibley , Gregory J. May 2014. New York’s Little Syria, 1880-1935 , A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of The Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement of the Degree of Master of Art, Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida.
Research:
Toth , Anthony B. , July 1986. " The Syrian Community in New Castle and Its Unique Alawi Component1900-1940" ,The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, 69 ( 3) .




Newspaper :
The Saint Paul globe, Minn, VOL. XXVI.—NO. 81, March 22,1903.
A Talk with Syrian Beggars,” New York Times, July 7, 1882, 8.
City and Suburban News,” ibid., April 14, 1884, 8.
Helping a Syrian to Reach Home,” ibid., April 19, 1884, 2.
Arabs Not Wanted,” January 17, 1888, 3.
Forty-Two Syrians Detained,” New York Times, August 23, 1889.
“Syrians Allowed To Land,” New York Times, September 1, 1889.
“Joyful Syrians,” New York Times, September 6, 1889.
Sanctified Arab Tramps,” New York Times, May 25, 1890, 17.
The Herald, Los Angeles, Sunday Morning, January 9, 1898, Twenty –Fifth Year ,NO. 101.
The Morning News. , January 09, 1898.
Masters of Mendicants,” New York Times, February 21, 1888, 3
Published
2020-06-15
How to Cite
Najjar, K. (2020). Hawkers and their influence on the image of Syrian immigrants to the United States of America. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), (133), 195-224. Retrieved from http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/856
Section
Historiography