Natural and Cultural Heritage and its Tourism Importance in Maysan City, South Eastern Iraq

  • عقيل عباس الزبيدي Al- Karkh University of Science, Department of Geophysics
  • صفاقس قاسم هادي University of Baghdad, College of Arts, Department of Geography
  • جاسب صالح المرسومي جمعية احياء وتطوير السياحة في الاهوار
  • خضر عباس الكناني مديرية بيئة ميسان
Keywords: Natural Heritage, Cultural Heritage, Religious Sites, Tourism, Hor Al-Huwaiza, Iraq

Abstract

The data was collected through field surveys of natural, archaeological, and religious and heritage sites; as well as visiting of some government institutions to access reports and text available in their libraries. The study explains the importance of natural heritage, such as the presence of Hor Al- Huwaiza, one of the four components listed on the World Heritage List, because of the diverse natural ecosystems and richness of biodiversity, especially the existence of threatened species of exceptional global value. The presence of more than 440 sites of cultural or archaeological heritage, spread over all the districts and areas of Maysan province, which includes different periods of civilizations: The Stone ages, Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Achmainic, Firthic, Sasanian, and Islamic civilizations. Islamic Religious sites such as: Ali al-Gharbi, Ali al-Sharqi and Obaidullah ibn Ali. Christian sites such as Umm Al-Ahzan Church, Mar Youssef Church.  Jewish sites such as Al- Uzair Prophet; Sabean in addition to many heritage sites. Tourism is one of the productive economic sectors that contribute to increasing local and national income. Therefore, sustainable tourism and ecotourism must be supported and promoted to create jobs and improve the living standards of the local population, by providing infrastructure and preparing plans and programs that develop ecotourism in Huwaiza and adjacent natural areas, religious and archaeological tourism, and other kinds of tourism in an attempt to sustain the elements of natural, cultural and religious heritage and provide employment opportunities for the local population.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Mashhadani, Khalil Ibrahim Ahmed. 1989. Tourism Planning. National Library, Baghdad.
Al-Abadi, K. Ebadi. 2010. Heritage Buildings in Maysan Governorate. Unpublished Research, University Horizons, Third Issue.
Al-Bustani, I. Kamal and Hassan, Y. Shehata. 2016. Sustainable Tourism Development in Egyptian Protected Areas: A Study in the Light of the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism. University of Ain Shams. V. (34), No. (2), pp. 533-556.
Al-Shammari, Redha Abdul Jabbar, and others. 2011. Development of Archaeological Tourism in Qadisiyah Governorate. First Edition, Al- Najaf Al- Ashraf.
Al-Wakeel, Rukaya Ali. 2018. Tourism Components in Al- Sumawa Province and its Development Possibility. Arab Cultural Forum Library and Library. Baghdad.
Al-Jawibrawi, J. Abdullah. 1993. Peace to the Marshlands, Historical, Geographical, and Heritage Profiles. House of Public Cultural Affairs - Ministry of Culture and Information.
Al-Jawibrawi, J. Abdullah. 2016. “Marshlands in the writings of European Travellers and Politicians”. Journal of Popular Heritage. Issue 4, Special Issue, Marshlands in Folklore, Ministry of Culture, Iraq, pp. 153-170.
Al-Zaher, Niam, and Elias, Sarab. 2001. Principles of Tourism. First Edition. Dar Al-Masirah Publishing and Distribution, Jordan.
Antiquities and Heritage Authority. Division of Remote Sensing, unpublished data.
Daraji, Hashim D. Hussein. 2010. “The Cities of Maysan: Al- Mathar”. In Shatharat Maysania. College of Education publications - University of Maysan.
General Authority for Tourism Development. 2000. General Guidelines for Ecological Development in Egypt.
General Directorate of Antiquities.1976. The General Law of Archaeology of 1936, as modified by Law No. 120 of 1974 and Law No. 164 of 1975. Fifth Edition.
Gharaybeh, K. Mustafa. 2008. “Natural Ecotourism in Ajloun Governorate - Jordan, Reality and Hope”. International Symposium on "Tourism and Environment: Reality, Policies and Horizons." Tunisia.
Ghunaim, Osman Mohamed, and others. 1999. Tourism Planning. First Edition, Dar Al Safa Publishing and Distribution, Jordan.
Hajuil, Samir. 2014. Directory of Shrines, the Shiite Endowment, the General Secretariat of the Holy Shrines in Iraq. Part I. Al-Aasri Press, Baghdad.
Harez al-Din, Muhammad. 2011. The Pillars of Knowledge. Part II, Dar al-Kitab al-Arabi and Safa Foundation for Publications, Baghdad, Beirut.
Jubra, Ibrahim, and Fathi Ehsan. 1987. Baghdad Between Yesterday and Today. Amanit Al- Assima, Baghdad.
Khanfar, Aayed Radhi and Khanfar, Iyad Abdullah. 2006. Marketing of Ecotourism and Biodiversity. The University of Environmental Researches. Vol. 9, No. 2.
L'Escourine, Sibalous. 1997. Environment Development Agency for Tourism around the World, Environmental Hotels Workshop in Qusair. Tourism Development Authority, Egypt.
Mahdi, Nawar Sami. 1997. Sectors of Al- Amara. Ministry of Culture and Information, Baghdad.
Malukhia, Ahmed Fawzi. 2005. Introduction to Tourism Science. First Edition, Nissan Library for Printing and Publishing, Alexandria.
Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation. 2014. “Central Agency for Statistic and Information Technology”. Statistical Group, p. 21-22.
Mo'men, Mohamed Omar. 2009. Tourism Planning. First Edition. Modern University Office, Alexandria.
Nassiri, A. al-Amiri. 2006. Islamic Holly places in the World. Dar al-Hadi, Beirut.
Radhwan, Ahmed Husni and Ahmed Yahya Ismail. 2016. Sustainable Ecotourism in Egypt. Egypt.
Shehata, Hassan Ahmed. 2006. Environmental Pollution and the Disruption of Tourism. Library of the Arab Book House, Alexandria.
Sulaiman, Amer. 1983. Aspects of the Ancient Iraq Civilization. Al- Hurrya House for Printing and Publishing, Baghdad.
Al- Lami, A. A., Salim, M.A., Mohammed, M.K., Al-Zubaidi, A.A., Kareem, S.O., Al-Zaidawi, A.H., Al-Taweel, D.A., Salman, K.A., Khudair, H.A., Khaled, W.A., Abulhawa, T., Al-Mughrabi, L., Garstecki, T. and Hoffman. 2014. Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities. Nomination Dossier for Inscription of the Property on the World Heritage List. The Republic of Iraq.
Al- Zubaidi, A. A., Mohammad, M. K. and Rasheed M. J. 2017. The Importance of Geodiversity on the Animal Diversity in Huwaiza Marsh and the Adjacent Areas, South-eastern Iraq. Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, 14 (3): 235-249.
Horowitz, Yuri. 2018. Fulfilling the Promise, Sustainable Tourism, the Use of Tourism to Boost Economies. Sustainable Tourism Consultant, Navigio International Partner, Georgetown University.
Sustainable Tourism Pledge Sustainable Travel Tips. https://www.wmf.org/sustainable-tourism-pledge.
UNWTO/ UNESCO, 2015. Culture and Tourism. World Conference on Tourism and Culture.
Published
2020-01-02
How to Cite
الزبيديع., هاديص., المرسوميج., & الكنانيخ. (2020). Natural and Cultural Heritage and its Tourism Importance in Maysan City, South Eastern Iraq. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), 1(131), 373-400. https://doi.org/10.31973/aj.v1i131.709
Section
Articles