Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X) http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal <p>Al-Adab journal&nbsp;</p> <p>a scientific academic&nbsp;peer review&nbsp; Journal published by College of Arts , University of Baghdad .</p> <p>It is edited regularly within a specific time . Four issues per year in March , June , September and December .</p> <p>Al-Adab journal is specified for publishing the researches and studies related to various humanities fields.</p> <p>Print ISSN: 1994-473X</p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;2706-9931</p> <p>Indexed at Crossref</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright and Licensing:</strong><br>For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license</strong></a>, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.</p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers:&nbsp;</strong>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).</p> <p><strong>Permission is required for:&nbsp;</strong>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.<br>Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.<br>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.<br>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</p> <p><br><strong>Permission is not required for:&nbsp;</strong>Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".<br>Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.<br>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.<br>Obtaining Permission</p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> aladabjournalbag@coart.uobaghdad.edu.iq (Prof. Dr. Abdullah S. Abood) alhyalem@gmail.com (Maha Alameen) Sun, 15 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Feminist Stylistic Analysis of Katherine Mansfield’s http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/807 <p>There has always been a belief that women in general are treated oppressively, viewed as inferior to men and subject to personal and institutional discrimination. Since literature reflects the way people think and shows the relationship between linguistic choices and socially construed meanings, this paper tackles Katherine Mansfield’s “Miss Brill” through a feminist stylistic approach to find out how female characters are represented. It also aims to explore whether the writer of the text under investigation reinforces or challenges the stereotypical image of women by viewing them as inferior or equal to men. Conducting a feminist stylistic analysis, by utilizing Sara Mills’ (1995) model of analysis involves the employment of a three-tiered level of analysis i.e. the level of the word, the level of the clause and the level of discourse. From the analysis of the short story under investigation, it has been concluded that the way women are represented is socially influenced by the prevailing held beliefs that women are passive, submissive, dependent on men, inferior to and unequal to men.</p> Farah Hafedh Ibrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/807 Sun, 15 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Transformational Leadership for Department Heads at the University of Mohamed Seddik Ben Yahia, Algeria http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/671 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This research examines the extent to which transformational leadership degree is existed in Algerian universities with a special focus on the head of departments at University of Mohammed Seddiq Ben Yahia, Algeria. In addition, it aims to identify the differences according to their personal and professional characteristics. Data were collected from 144 faculty members via a questionnaire form. SPSS software program is employed for data analysis purposes. Findings revealed a moderate degree of&nbsp; transformational leadership existence among head of departments. Furthermore, Faculty members decreasingly ranked transformational leadership dimensions as inspirational motivation, idealized influence, intellectual stimulation and individualized stimulation. Moreover, the study found insignificant differences in transformational leadership degree due respondents' demographics. Meanwhile, significant differences associated with seniority were revealed. Implications for Algerian universities are also discussed.</p> Raouf Kaouache, Ousila Yaiche, Jamal Aldin kaouache ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/671 Sun, 15 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Suicides in Al-Kahla area http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/772 <p>The problem of suicide is one of the social problems that have been still accompany human societies of different races and ethnicities, it is serious problems that threaten the society cohesion because it leads to the loss of some of its members, and is often an indicator of the disintegration of society and represents an individual and collective failure to adapt With social norms, values ​​and disciplines.</p> <p>The problem of suicide began in the district of Kahla, which we are dealing with In this study in the spring season of 2012 and escalated until it reached the end of the year to (11) cases in various regions of the judiciary. The study reached a number of results:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Suicides in Al-Kahla can in no way be considered a phenomenon (widespread and general), but are special cases and are few compared to the size of the population of the judiciary.</li> <li class="show">Suicides clearly reveal a defect in the systems (value - religious - social) surrounding individuals.</li> <li class="show">The results of the study revealed that most suicides are in the district of Al-Kahla (Most / Majority) Suicides were women or men who were illiterate or educated.</li> <li class="show">All cases dealt with are cases of suicide in young people or adolescents.</li> </ol> Saad Mohammed Ali Hamid ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://aladabj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/aladabjournal/article/view/772 Sun, 15 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100