• AFRAH AHMED NAJAF Baghdad University / College of Arts / Psychology Department


The current research examines the effect of Bilbao therapy on reducing polarized thinking among female students in preparatory school, as the researcher adopted the (Al-Saray 2012) scale for polarized thinking. The Psychometric properties were extracted (Reliability and Validity) where counseling program was built according to Beck theory (1990). The validity of the program was extracted through presenting it to a group of experts in psychological counseling, and was applied to the experimental group of (10) female students, while the control group of (10) female students was not exposed to the counseling method. Pearson correlation coefficient, Mann Whitney and Kolmogorov-Smirnov were used as statistical methods, and the results showed that the polarized thinking of female students had increased and the Bilbao  therapy had an effect on reducing polarized thinking for the experimental group.


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How to Cite
NAJAF, A. (2020). THE EFFECT OF BIBLIOTHERAPY ON REDUCING POLARIZED THINKING. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), (133), 351-378. Retrieved from
Educational and psychological sciences