Evaluative Resources in Medical Research Articles Written by Medical Writers
Many studies have been presented about the topic of medical researches and articles ,but it has been noticed that the previously mentioned studies haven’t dealt with language usage in terms of attitude and emotional status . Such a topic still needs more attention from scholars and researchers . The current study is expected to enrich the literature about medical articles from a linguistic point of view. The evaluation was done following Martin and White model (2005) which mainly comprised of three important systems ( attitude , engagement and graduation).
Bednarek, M. (2006). Evaluation in media discourse: Analysis of newspaper corpus. London: Continuum.
Biber, D., & Finegan, E. (1989). Styles of stance in English: Lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect. Text, 9(1), 93–124.
English. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fryer, Daniel Lees (2013) Exploring the dialogism of academic discourse: Heteroglossic Engagement in medical research articles, University of Gothenburg
Halliday, M. A. K. (1994). An introduction to functional grammar (2nd ed.). London: Edward Arnold.
Hunston, S., & Thompson, G. (Eds.). (2000). Evaluation in text: Authorial stance and the construction of discourse. London: Oxford University Press
Hyland, K. (1999). Disciplinary discourses: Writer stance in research articles. In C. Candlin & K. Hyland (Eds.), Writing: Text, process and practice (pp. 99–121). London: Longman.
Lee, S.H. (2008). Attitude in undergraduate persuasive essays. Prospect 23, 43-58
Liu , Xinghua (2013) Evaluation in Chinese University EFL Students’English Argumentative Writing: An APPRAISAL Study, Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 40–53
Martin, J. R. (2000). Beyond exchange: Appraisal systems in English. In S. Hunston & G. Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in text (pp. 142–175). London: Oxford University Press.
Martin, J. R. (2001). ‘Fair trade: negotiating meaning in multimodal texts’ in P. Coppock (ed.), The Semiotics of Writing: Transdisciplinary Perspectives on the Technology of Writing. Brepols (Semiotic & Cognitive Studies X). 311–38.
Martin, J.R. and Rose, D. (2003) Working with Discourse: Meaning Beyond the Clause. London: Continuum
Martin, J.R., & White, P.R.R. (2005). The language of evaluation: Appraisal in
Martin, JR, and Rose. D (2007). Working with Discourse: meaning beyond the clause, 2nd ed. London: Continuum [2nd revised edition].
Pascual, M., & Unger, L. (2010). Appraisal in research genres: An analysis of grant proposals by Argentinean researchers. Revista Signos, 43(73), 261-280.
Rossette, Fiona (2014) Exploring the Expression of High Degree in a Corpus of Oral English, university of Paris.
Thompson, G. (2001). Interaction in academic writing: Learning to argue with the reader. Journal of Applied Linguistic, 22(1), 58–77.
Copyright and Licensing:
For all articles published in Al-Adab journal, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work.
Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers: It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyrightholder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyrightholder).
Permission is required for: Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.
Substantial extracts from anyones' works or a series of works.
Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.
Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.
Permission is not required for: Reconstruction of your own table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".
Reasonably short quotes are considered fair use and therefore do not require permission.
Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.
In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. Al-Adab Journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.
The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].' at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.