(naptanu) Texts from the ancient Babylonian era
The themes of the texts varied in the cuneiform writings, especially the texts of the ancient Babylonian era. The texts of this era were rich in a variety of topics, including literary and religious subjects, as well as the economic field. This latter field is the focus of our research, which is based on the study of a series of cuneiform texts related to some types of meals or known food rations. In the Akkadian language naptanu meaning "share of food or meal", and in the literary meaning "banquet" or "luxury meal", corresponding in the Sumerian language Terms: NIG2.DU, KIN.SIG, BUR
CAD / P,P.476,B;
CAD, M/2 , p.300: a
Civil, M.,et al, The Assyrian Dictionary,Vol.10, part 1, third printing, Chicago, 2004.(CAD,M,1) ,p.306.
Clay, A.T., Yale Oriental series, Babylonian texts,Vol.3,
James, B.N, and Clarence, E.K, Historical, Religious and Economic Texts and Antiquities, Oxford, 1920.(=BIN,2) ,101:16 .
Jeams,F., Contrats de larsa, Paris,1926.(=TCL,11), 23:20 .
Jean,C.F., Letters Diverses, Paris(1950),(=ARM,2) ,76:5 .
Landesberger ,B,HAR-ra = hubullu texts, Rome,1962.(=Hh,14
Langdon, S., Babylonian Penitential Psalms, London (1929). (=OECT,Vol.6).
OECT , vol.3,63:10;
Oppenheim, A.L, et al. The Assyrian Dictionary, Vol.2. Fourth printing, Chicago, 1998. (CAD,B), p.305 .
Pinches, T.G, Texts from Babylonian Tablets, in the British Museum, part 4, London, 1898.(=CT,4) ,p.139 .
Reiner, E., et al. , The Assyrian Dictionary, Vol.11, part 2, third printing, Chicago, 2008..(CAD,N,2) , p.320.
Reiner, E., et al. , The Assyrian Dictionary, Vol.11, part 3, third printing, Chicago, 2008. (CAD,Š,3) , p.417 .
Reiner, E., et al. , The Assyrian Dictionary, Vol.11, part 1, third printing, Chicago, 2008.(CAD,N,1) , p.319 .
Sigrist, M.T., New-Sumerians Administrative Tablets from the Yale Babylonian Collection, Part II, Madrid, 2009, p.589.
Tremayne, A., Records from Erech Time of Cyrus and Cambyses. London, 1925 (=YOS, Vol.7), 89=19
USA, 2015.(=YOS,3) ,25-28 .
Van Driel, Cult of Aššur, New York, 1970 p.159.
All copyrights are reserved for the AL-Adab Journal. It is prohibited to print, copy, translate or re compose the journal whether completely or partly. Recording on cassettes, saving to computer or programming on optical discs are also prohibited without a written consent of the publisher, otherwise legal prosecution will take place by the Iraqi judicature.
Editor in chief