Highlights of the Maritime Activities of the Algerian Fleet during Ottoman Rule

  • Khireddine Youssef Chatra Professor of Modern History, Department of History and Islamic Civilization-University of Sharjah
Keywords: Ottoman Rule, Algerian Fleet


This paper explores the circumstances surrounding the emergence and development of the Algerian maritime struggle, often referred to as piracy, in the west of the Mediterranean in modern history. It also studies the conditions that lead to its emergence as the availability of vessels and defence structures. In discussing the existing the conditions during the founding of the Algerian navy during Ottoman rule and the nature of its activities from the religious, political and economic perspectives, the author reviews the political, economic, social, cultural and military roles of the country after its establishment and its effect on its relationship with the outer world. The paper also explores the mechanisms of organizing and equipping the fleet in order to highlight the contributions of the navy to the various sectors of the country and achieving an equilibrium in the nascent country’s international relations.


Download data is not yet available.


The manuscripts

Ibn Ruqiyya Al-Tlemcani (Muhammad Bin Muhammad), (1841 AD), Al-Zahra Al-Neira Fima Jara Lljazair Hin Agart Aalaiha Al-Kafara. , tr. Alfons Rousseau, (unpublished manuscript).


Alberdoval (a), (1972 AD), Al-Rayes Hamidou, Tr, Mohamed Al-Arabi Al-Zubayri, (d, i), Algerian Press Foundation, Algeria.

Patsik (Makhovsky), (2008 AD), History of Piracy in the World, translated by Anwar Muhammad Ibrahim, (D, I), The Egyptian General Book Authority, Cairo

Bin Badawi (Abdel Azim), (2003 AD), Al-Wajeez in the Fiqh of the Sunnah and Alkitab Al-Aziz, Presented by Safwan Nuruddin and others, Dar Bin Rajab, Egypt.

Brennan (Andrei) et al., (1984 AD), Algeria between the past and the present, translation: Istanbouli Rabeh and Moncef Ashour, (D, I), University Press Office, Algeria

Boujlakh (Abdel Latif), (2005) CE, the Ottoman Empire, (D, I), Dar Al-Marefa: Algeria.

Bouhouch (Ammar), (1997 AD), the political history of Algeria from the beginning to the end of 1962, 1st edition, Dar Al-Gharb Al-Islami, Beirut.

Bouaziz (Yahia), (1999 AD), with the history of Algeria in national and international gatherings, University Press Office, Algeria.

Bouaziz (Yahya), (2007 AD), summary in the history of ancient and central Algeria, part 1, (D-i), University Press Office, Algeria.

Bouaziz (Yahia), (1993 AD), Algerian-Spanish correspondence in the Archives of the National History of Madrid (1780-1798), University Press Office, Algeria.

Jerji (Zaidan), (D.T.), Islamic civilization, part 1, b. Hussein Moanes, Dar Al-Hilal, Cairo.

Julian (Charles Andre), (1978 AD), History of Northern Africa, part 2, Ta`a: Muhammad Mazali and Bashir bin Salama, 2nd edition, Tunisian Publishing House, Tunis.

Al-Jailali (Abdul Rahman Muhammad), (1980 AD), General History of Algeria, Volume 3, House of Culture, Lebanon.

James (Wilson Stephen). (2007 AD), The American Prisoners in Algeria (1785-1797), translation. Ali Tablet, Thala Publishing House, Algeria.

Halimi (Abdel Qadir), (1972 AD), the city of Algeria, its origins and development before 1830, Dar al-Fikr al-Islami, Algeria.

Ibn Khaldun (Eid al-Rahman), (2004 AD), Al-mokadima, investigation. Khalil Shehadeh, House of Thought. Syria.

Khojah (Hamdan Bin Othman), (1982 AD), Al-miraat, Investigation, Muhammad Al-Arabi Al-Zubayri, 2nd Floor, The National Company for Publishing and Distribution, Algeria.

Khair Faris (Muhammad), (1979 AD), The History of Modern Algeria, 2nd edition, Dar Al Sharq Library, Beirut.

Drias (Lakhdar), (2007 AD), Algerian artillery during the Ottoman period, 1st floor, Dar Al Hadara for printing, publishing and distribution, Algeria.

Al-Zubaidi (Muhammad Al-Murtada), (1965 AD), Taj Al-aroos Min Jawahir Al-Kamous, vol. 1, t. Abdul Sattar Ahmad Farraj, Committee of the Ministry of Guidance and News, Kuwait.

Al-Zahar (Ahmed El-Sherif), (1980 AD), memoirs of Haj Ahmed El-Sherif El-Zahar (Captain of Ashraf Ashraf Algeria), investigation, Ahmed Tawfiq Al-Madani, 2nd edition of the National Company for Publishing and Distribution, Algeria.

Abu Zaydoon (Wadih), (2003 AD), History of the Ottoman Empire from Establishment to the Fall, 1st Floor, Dar Al Ahlia, Jordan

Spencer (William), (2006 AD), Algeria in the era of Rias al-Bahr, Dar al-Kasaba Publishing, Algeria

Sirhank Pasha (Ismail), (1894 AD), Hakaiko AL-ikbar An Doal Al-Bihar, vol. 2, 1st floor, Al-Amiriya Printing Press, Bulaq Misr, Cairo.

Saidouni (Nasir al-Din), (2000 AD), Algeria, starting points and perspectives, Dar Al-Gharb Islamic, Beirut

Saidouni (Nasr El-Din), (1984 AD), officials of the Algerian state in the 19th century, (D, I), Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Algeria.

Saidouni (Nasser al-Din), (2000 AD), Algerian papers, Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, Beirut.

Saidouni (Nasir al-Din) and Bu Abdali (al-Mahdi), (1984 AD), Algeria in history - the Ottoman period - (Dr. I), National Book Foundation, Algeria.

Schaller (William), (1982 AD), Memoirs of William Schaller, American Consul in Algeria, tr. Ismail Al-Arabi, the National Company for Publishing and Distribution, Algeria.

Tape (Abdullah), Al-Mili (Muhammad Al-Mubarak), (1985 AD), A Brief History of Algeria's Political, Cultural, and Social History, National Book Foundation, 2nd Edition Algeria.

Shakeeb (Arslan), (2001 AD), History of the Ottoman Empire, Tah, Hassan Al-Samahi Suwaidan, 1st floor, Dar Ibn Katheer, Damascus.

Al-Salabi (Ali Muhammad), (2005 AD), The Ottoman Empire, Factors of Revival and Reasons for the Fall, 2nd Floor, Dar Al-Maarefah, Lebanon.

Ibad (Saleh), (2007 AD), Algeria during the Turkish era (1514-1830), 2nd edition, Dar Houma for printing, publishing and distribution, Algeria.

Al-Asali (Bassam), (1990 AD), Mohammed Al-Muqrani and the Algerian Revolution of 1871, 3rd edition, Dar Al-Nafees, Algeria.

Al-Asali (Bassam), (1986 AD), Algeria and the Crusades, 3rd edition, Dar Al-Nafees: Beirut.

Amorah (Ammar), (2006 AD), Algeria, the gateway to history from pre-history to 1962, part 1, Dar Al-Maarefa: Algeria.

Issa (Al-Hassan), (2008 AD), History of the Arabs from the beginning of the Crusades to the end of the Ottoman Empire, 1st floor, Dar Al-Ahlia, Jordan.

El-Fassi (Hassan bin Muhammad Al-Wazzan), (1983 AD), Wasf Africa, part 1, Turner Muhammad Hajji and Muhammad Al-Akhdar, 2nd edition, Dar Al-Gharb Al-Islami, Beirut.

Qannan (Jamal), (1994 AD), issues and studies in modern and contemporary history of Algeria, (D, I), National Museum of the Mujahid Publications: Algeria.

Qanan (Jamal), (1987 AD), texts and documents in the history of modern Algeria (1500-1830), (D, I), Algerian Press Foundation, Algeria.

Cathratics (James Linder), (P.T.), Memoirs of the Prisoner of Die Cathcrates (Consul of America in Morocco), Ter, Ismail El-Araby, (D, i), University Press Office, Algeria.

Al-Kafi (Muhammad Al-Basheer), (1981 AD), Dictionary of Maritime Terminology, The Arab Institute for Study and Publishing, Beirut, Lebanon.

Kenderman (Hans), (2002 AD), The Ship's Term for the Arabs, tr. Najm Abdullah Mustafa, Abu Dhabi Printing and Publishing Company UAE.

Corine (Chevalier), (2007 AD), the first thirty years of the establishment of the city of Algiers, tr. Jamal Hammana, University Press Office, Algeria.

Ibn Majid (Ahmad), (1969 AD), Three Flowers in Knowledge of the Seas, investigation. Theodore Shomovsky published a translation. Mohamed Mounir Morsi, World of Books, Cairo.

Maher (Souad), (D.T.), The Navy in Islamic Egypt and Its Remaining Effects, Ministry of Culture, Arab Book House for Printing and Publishing, Egypt.

Al-Madani (Ahmed Tawfiq), (2007 AD), the three-year war between Algeria and Spain (1492 - 1792), 1st floor, Dar Al-Basayer, Algeria.

Al-Masoudi (Abi Al-Hassan Ali), (1965 AD), moroj Al-Dahab Wa Maadine Al-Jawhar, vol. 1, Tah. Asad Dagher, Dar Al-Andalus, Beirut, Lebanon.

Al-Maqrizi (Taqi al-Din Abi Al-Abbas), (D.T.), Al-Mawaid Wa Al-Itibar Bithikri Al-Kitat Wa Athar, Part 3, Dar Al-Irfan, Lebanon.

Encyclopedia Business Foundation, (1999 AD), The International Arab Encyclopedia, Vol. 18, 2nd Edition, Riyadh.

Anonymous author, (1934 AD), Gazwat Uruj and Khair al-Din, translated by Nur al-Din Abd al-Qadir, (d, i), Al-Thalabya Press and Literary Library: Algeria.

Born Qassim (Knight Belkacem), (2007 AD), the international personality and international prestige of Algeria before 1830, Part 1, Dar Al-Ummah, Algeria.

Al-Mili (Mubarak bin Muhammad al-Hilali), (1964 AD), the history of Algeria in ancient and modern, part 3, the Algerian Renaissance Library, Algeria.

Noureddine (Abdel Qader), (2006 AD), pages from the history of the city of Algiers, Algeria, Dar Al Hadara.

Hilal (Ammar), (1990), research and studies in the contemporary history of Algeria (1830-1862), Algeria: University Press Office, Algeria.

Weld Khalifa (Muhammad Al-Arabi), (2001 AD), Algeria and the world (features of a century and two millennial echoes), (d, i), the National Institute of Print Arts, Algeria.

Wolf (John B.B.) (1995), Algeria and Europe, translation by Abu Al-Qasim Saadallah, National Book Foundation, Algeria.

University theses

Belkacem (Ayyash), (2007 AD), issues of Ottoman history for Algerian researchers since 1962, MA in Modern History, Prince Abdel Qader University of Islamic Sciences, Constantine.

Jabbar (Abdel Nasser), (1990 AD), Banu Hafs and the Crusader Powers in the Western Mediterranean, (unpublished), MA in Modern History, Cairo University. Egypt.

Abdel Majid (Kaddour), the migration of Andalusians to the Maghreb and its civilizational outcomes during the 16th and 17th centuries A.D. (10-11h), (unpublished), Master Thesis, Islamic History, Prince Abdelkader University for Islamic Sciences, Constantine.


Hanifi (Hilayli), (2007 AD), “The Military Organization of the Algerian Navy in the Ottoman Era,” Journal of Prince Abdul Qadir University for Islamic Sciences, p. 24, Dar Al-Huda: Ain Mellila. Algeria.

Saad Allah (Abu al-Qasim), (1987), "Rayas al-Bahr", Journal of Historical Studies, No. 03, University of Algeria: Algeria.

References in French

Belhamissi (Moulay), Marine et mariniers d'Alger, (1518–1830) (1996), Tom II, (Face à - l'Europe), National Library of Algeria: Algiers;

Boro): S (Corsairs In The Mediterranean. (2000). Translated From Italian By Ahmed Somai, Lo Porte Paris Edition.

Braudel (F), (S.D) The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World at the time of de Philipe2, 5th edition 48.

De Grammont (H). (2002). history of Algiers under Turkish domination 1515-1830. (presentation of lemnouare merouche. bouchene editions. France.

God fery (fusher), (2000). Barbarian legend trade war and piracy in North Africa from 1415 to 1830. Translated and annotated, Farida Hellal, Office of University Plecations. Alger.

Venture de paradis, Algiers in the 8th century, tom2, Editions Bouslama: Tunis

How to Cite
Chatra, K. (2020). Highlights of the Maritime Activities of the Algerian Fleet during Ottoman Rule. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), (133), 167-194. https://doi.org/10.31973/aj.v0i133.703