The impact of the Revolt of Ali Pasha Jumblatt on the Migration of the Jumblattians to Mount Lebanon

  • محمود صالح سعيد Mosul University, College of Arts
Keywords: The Jumblatt family, Ottoman state, Lebanon


  In this research, an attempt was made to shed light on the reasons and motives that led to this transformation and the transition to Lebanon through a large migration of this family, which was certainly not the only one that migrated from Aleppo to Mount Lebanon but was followed by other families condemning it with allegiance to the Jumblatt family. Significant political, economic and social influence in Aleppo before emigration. The research will show how the rebellion of its leader Prince Ali Pasha Jumblatt on the Ottoman state and his attempt to ally with Florence and with the participation of the Prince of Mount Lebanon, Prince Fakhruddin II, and how he succeeded in the beginning of the era of the acquisition of large areas of the Levant and then end to exile, The Jumblatt family and its allies to emigrate to Lebanon, where they found a safe haven to save them from the humiliation that had afflicted them As a result of their Amir rebellion.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

محمود صالح سعيد, Mosul University, College of Arts

Asst. Prof. Mahmood Saleh Saeed, Ph.D.

Mosul University, College of Arts.



Ibn Tolon, S. (1998). Almeza history and its Heritage. Edition1. qotaiba published. Damascus. Syria.
Abu Asaad, A. (2003). Glossary of Family and People Names and profiles of the history of families. Edition 2. House of science for Millions. Beirut. Lebanon.
Basile, Constantine (1987). Syria and Palestine under Ottoman Rule. Edition 2, Dar al-Haditha, Beirut. Lebanon.
Al-Basha, Ahmed. (2010). Dictionary of the Famous People of the Druze in Lebanon. Edition 2. Progressive House. Chouf. Lebanon .
Al-Busnawi, Hassan .(ND). Flowers of Rawdat in explaining the Gardens of the Gardens. Edition 1. Dar al-Kuttab al-Ulmiyya. Beirut. Lebanon.
Timoviev, Igor, (2009). Kamal Jumblatt the man and the legend. I 8. Dar al-Nahar. Beirut. Lebanon .
Hussein, M. (1967). Druze Sect. Cairo. Egypt.
al-Khalidi, A. (1969). Lebanon under the reign of Prince Fakhruddin Al-Maani II. Edition 2. Lebanese University publications. Beirut. Lebanon
Rafeq, A. (1976), "aspects of the Ottoman military life in the Levant from the sixteenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth century" Edition 1. The second conference of the Levant. Damascus. Syrian.
Raymond, A. (1998). The Arab City Aleppo in the Ottoman Period from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Edition1. Translated by: White Queen, Publications of the Ministry of Culture. Damascus. Syria.
Al-Suda, Y. (1979). Lebanon's Civil History. Edition 2. Dar al-Nahar. Beirut. Lebanon.
Alalami, M. (1988). The Druze Movement Its Origins and Evolution. Edition 1. The Islamic Publishing and Publishing House. Mansoura. Egypt.
Sharaf, J. (1996). Community Ideology: An Introduction to Lebanon's Social History. Edition 1. Volumes of the Lebanese University. Beirut. Lebanon.
Sheha, M. (1962). Lebanon in his personality and his presence. Edition1. Publications of the Lebanese Symposium. Beirut. Lebanon.
Shink, B.(2000). Kamal Jumblatt, The Arab-Islamic Heritage and the Role of the Druze in his Concept of the History of Lebanon. Edition 2. Dar al-Nahar. Beirut. Lebanon.
Qaraly, P. (1939). Ali Pasha Jumblatt. Beirut. Lebanon.
Qaraly, P. (1992). Fakhr al-Din al-Maani II Governor of Lebanon. Edition 2 . Dar Lahad Khater. Beirut. Lebanon.
AlMohami, M. (2006). History of the Ottoman upper state. Edition1. Dar Al Nafai. Beirut. Lebanon.
Chidiac, T. (1970). News of the dignitaries in Mount Lebanon. Edition1. Publications of the Lebanese University. Beirut. Lebanon
Schlafon, P. (1981). Fakhruddin Emir of the Druze. Fostenfeld. Germany
Saqr, S. (2008). The families of Hekmat Lebanon. Edition 1.Arab Information Center. Beirut. Lebanon.
Francis, S. (1954). Sons of Maaroof in the Square of glory. Edition 1. Beirut. Lebanon.
Hamwi, Y. (1973). Glossary of countries. Edition 5, Dar Al-Arab Heritage. Beirut. Lebanon .
Aswad, I. (1927). Enlightenment in the history of Lebanon. Beirut. Lebanon .
Mostras, A. (2002). The Geographical Lexicon of the Ottoman Empire. Edition 1, Ibn Hazm House, Damascus. Syrian.
Beyat, F. (2007). Ottoman State in the Arab Field. Edition 1. Center for Arab Unity Studies. Beirut. Lebanon.
Heshi, S. (1986). Ali Pasha Jumblatt. Edition 1. Beirut. Lebanon .
Heshi, S. (1982). Social and Economic Correspondence of the Leaders of Mount Lebanon during Three Centuries (1600-1900). Edition 1. Beirut. Lebanon.
Al-Baini, H. (2012). Tomb and Museum of the Great Leader Jumblatt Jumblat in Cyprus. www. .
Arslan, C. (1988). History of the Ottoman Empire. Edition 1. Damascus. Syria.
Gibb, H, & Bowen, H. (1971). Islamic Society and the West. Edition 1, Translated by: Ahmed Abdel Rahim Mustapha. Cairo. Egypt.
Dahir, S. (ND). History of the Castle of the Beaufort. Edition 1. the modern printing press. Sidon. Lebanon.
Anonymous, (ND). Letter in the Division of Mount Lebanon and the Status of Rulers and Their habits. Unknown Manuscripts Author (s).classification125. Al Assad National Library. Damascus. Syria.
Al-Mahabi, M. (2010), Abstract of the Archeology of the Eleventh Century. Edition2. Dar Sader Publications. Beirut. Lebanon.
Al-Munir, H. (1984). The Dangers described in the history of Chouf. Edition 2. Gross Plus publications. Beirut. Lebanon.
Nawar, A. (1978). The Lebanese Crisis. Edition 1. Arab Organization for Development. Culture and Information. Institute for Arab Research and Studies. Cairo. Egypt.
El-Yazji, N. (ND). Historical Message in the Conditions of the feudal Mount Lebanon. Edition 1. Dar Maan. Beirut. Lebanon.
Fichtner, P (2009). Historical dictionary of Austria . Venna. Astria.
Hibbert, C. (1975). The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall . Edition 1.Morrow.Itali.
Hichi ,S,(1986). La famille de Djounmblatt, Beyrouth. Liban.
How to Cite
سعيدم. (2019). The impact of the Revolt of Ali Pasha Jumblatt on the Migration of the Jumblattians to Mount Lebanon. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), 1(131), 151-174.