Elegies in Abo Tammam’s Poetry to Humaid Al-Tosi and his son Mohamed

A Study of Image and Rhythm

  • أركان رحيم جبر University of Baghdad,  Faculty of Islamic Sciences
  • جعفر فرحان عذيب Iraqi University, Faculty of Arts
Keywords: Elegy, Poem, Hamid Al-Tusi, Mohammed Bin Humaid Al-Tusi, Ali Bin Jiblah (Al-Akook), Abu Tammam Al-Taei, Image, Rhythm


The study tackles two of the most important poetic elegies to two leaders of the Abbasid Era, Hamid Al-Tusi and his son Mohammed, written by Ali bin Jiblah Al-Akook and Abo Tammam Al-Ta'i. These two elegies are considered the eyes of Arabic poetry.  The study considers the pure formations of the image and rhythm and aesthetics in these two poems, hence the title of this study.

We thought that the study plan would be based on two sections after the introduction, which was entitled "Lamentations in the Abbasid Era" in which we talked about the concept of lamentation in general. Then, we briefly define the personalities of the Abbasid leaders, Hamid Al-Tusi and his son Muhammad. The first section considers the aesthetics of the picture and its images in the two poems.  The research concludes with the most important findings.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

أركان رحيم جبر, University of Baghdad,  Faculty of Islamic Sciences

Assist. Prof. Arkan Rahim Jabr, Ph.D.

University of Baghdad,  Faculty of Islamic Sciences

جعفر فرحان عذيب, Iraqi University, Faculty of Arts

Assist. Prof. Jafar Farhan Atheeb, Ph. D.

Iraqi University, Faculty of Arts


Abu Hilal (395 AH) (2006): “The Book of Poetry”. I1, Verification: Ali Mohammed Al-Bagawi and Mohammed Abu Fadl Ibrahim, Saida, Beirut library.
Al-Qayrawani, Ibn Razziq (463) (2009): “The Reference of the Advantages and Traditions of Poetry”. Literature and Criticism, Verified by Mohamed Mohieddin Abdel Hamid, Cairo, Dar Talai Press.
Al-Akok, Ali bin Jablah, (----): “The poetry of Ali ibn Jibla, Known as Al-Askok (160-213H)”. Verified by Hussein Atwan, I/2, Cairo, Dar Al Ma'arif Press.
Al-Baqi, Na'im, Dhu Al-Hijjah (140H) (1985): “The Letters of the Koran: A Study of Phonetics and Tones”. Al-Faisal magazine, No. 102, the ninth year.
Ali, Alia (2005): “The Renewal of Abi Tammam’s Poetry: The Poem of the Poems Model”. Journal of Humanities, Khudair University, Biskra, No. 7.
Al-Jahiz, Abu Osman Amr ibn Bahr (255H) (1998): “Al-Bayan Wa Al-Tabyeen”. The revival of the Arab heritage.
Al-Jundiu, Ali (1996): “Poets and poetry”. Egypt, Dar Al-Maaref Press.
Al-Malayika Nazek, (1978): “Issues of Contemporary Poetry”. I/5, Beirut, Dar Al-Ilm for millions Press.
Al-Mazandrani bim Shahr Ashub (588H) (1991): “Manakib Abu Taleb”, I/2, Beirut, Lebanon House of lights.
Al-Saqr, Hatem (1994): “Book of the Self: Studies in the Factual poetry”. 1, Amman, Jordan, Dar Shorouk Press for publication and distribution.
Al-Tabrizi, Al-Khatib (502-414H) (1994): “Commenting on Abu Tammam Collection”. I/2, Presented and Reviewed by Raji Asmar, Beirut, Lebanon.
Al-Tamimi, Fadel Abboud (2007): “The Embodiment in the Rhetorical and Critical Lessons of the Arabs”. Faculty of Education, University of Diyala, Al-Fatih Magazine, 22.
Al-Zarkali, Khair Al-Din (1999): “The Scholars”. I, 14, Beirut, Lebanon, Dar Al-Ilm for millions Press.
Al-Thubayani, Al-Nabegha (----): “Al-Nabegha’s Collection”. Verified.13
Anis, Ibrahim (1953): “Musicality of Poetry”. I/2, Cairo, Anglo-Egyptian Library.
Asfour, Jabir (1976): “The Artistic Image in the Heritage of Arab Critique and Rhetoric”. Cairo, House of Culture.
Ayashi, Munther (1990): “Articles on Style”. Arab Writers Union.
Al-Qurtajini, Abu Al-Hassan Hazem (684H) (966BC): “Minhaj Al-Buaghaa Wa Siraj Al-Odabaa”. Verified by Mohammed bin Habib Khoja, Tunisia, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Sharqiya Press.
Cohn, Jean, T. Mohammed Al-Wali Mohammed Al-Omari (1986): “Structure of the Poetry Language”. I/1, Casablanca, Morocco, Dar Toubkal Publishing.
Eid, Raja (1975): “Poetry and Melody”. Cairo, House of Culture.
Faour, Mounira (2016): “The Art of Meter in the Literature of Realism”. Journal of Damascus University, Volume 30, number 1/2.
Dhaif, Shawqi (----): “Art and its Schools in the Arabic Poetry”. I/11, Cairo, Dar Al-Maarif Press.
Hamdan, Ibtisam Ahmed (1997): “The Aesthetic Foundations of the Dialectic Rhythm of the Abbasid period”. I1, Damascus, Dar Al-Qalam Press.
Ibn Ashour, Muhammad Al-Taher (1879): “Interpretation of Liberation and Enlightenment”. I/1, Beirut, History Foundation.
Ibn Jaafar, Qudamah (437H): “Criticism of Poetry”. Verified by Mohamed Abdel Moneim Khafagy, Beirut, Lebanon, House of Scientific Books Press.
Ibn Katheer, Abu Al-Fida Al-Hafiz (776H): Al-Bidaya Wa Al-Nihaya”. Verified by Sheikh Ali Mohammed Muawad and Sheikh Adel Ahmed Abdul-Muqawad, 2005, I/2 Beirut, Lebanon.
Bin Khalkan, Shams Al-Din Ahmad bin Muhammad (816H): “Wafiyat Al-A’yan Wa Akhbar Abnaa Al-Zaman”. Verified by Ihsan Abbas, Beirut, Lebanon, Dar Sader Press.
Khuzaie, Dabal bin Ali (1417): “Diwan Al-Khuzaie”. I1, Verified by Abdul Saheb Omran, Qom Publishing.
Louis C. (1982): “The Poetic Image”. T, Ahmed Naseef Al-Janabi Malik Midi, Review by Dr. Anad Ghazwan, Salman Hassan Iraqi, Dar Al-Rashid Publications.
Mahdawy, Latifa (2010): “Lamentations of the Caliphs and Leaders in the Abbasid Poetry until the End of the 4th Hijrah Century: A Study in Image, Building and Cadence”. Beirut, Lebanon,
Muhammad Abu Al-Fadl Ibrahim, I/2, Egypt, Dar Al Ma'arif Press.
Qoqaza, Nawaf (2000): The Theory of Metaphorical Formation in Rhetoric and Criticism”. Amman, Ministry of Culture.
Rashid, Nazem (1989): “Arabic Literature in the Abbasid Era”. Mosul, Iraq, Dar Al-Kutub Press.
Al-Samarai, Fadel (2013): “The Difference between Baal and husband in the Quran”. Link: http:m.youtubeCam,Watch?= HMR (JRAH78)
Sultan, Mounir (2002): “The Unique Structure in the poetry of Abo Tammam”. T/4, Alexandria, Dar Maaref Press.
Taha, Maha Asaad Abdel Hamid (2016): “Abbasid Figures from the Era of Strength, Prosperity and expansion”. I1, Baghdad, Dar Al-Farahidi Press.
Al-Maiani, Abdul Rahman Hassan Habnaka (1416): Arabic Rhetoric: Bases, Sciences and Arts”. 1, Damascus, Dar Al-Qalam Press.
The Holy Quran.
How to Cite
جبرأ., & عذيبج. (2019). Elegies in Abo Tammam’s Poetry to Humaid Al-Tosi and his son Mohamed. Al-Adab Journal (ISSN: 1994473X), 1(131), 21-46. https://doi.org/10.31973/aj.v1i131.692