The Feminist Metaphorics of Herland in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Poetry
As a primordial feminist writer and activist in the modernist times Charlotte Perkins Gilman produced an oeuvre that is so replete with the feminist metaphorics that draws on the feminist milieu of the times as well as engages the timeless Darwinist and Marxist legacies. Her feminist metaphorics is thus shown as rooted in utopianism as best represented in such fictional universes as Herland that, though apparently embedded in the economico-biological utopian theorizing and literature, tends to deviate from and re-contextualize the categorical and genre expectations about the female experience in a man-oriented world and literature. On the other hand, her poetry is energized and governed by the economics of writing that characterizes the feminist writing of all time, and even of the later women-poets; mainly, the urgent impetus to write differently and to procure change.
Deegan, Mary Jo. 1997. “Introduction”. In With her in Ourland: Sequel to Herland by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, edited by Mary Jo Deegan and Michael R. Hill, 1−57. Westport: Greenwood Press.
Deutscher, Penelope. 2004.”The Descent of Man and the Evolution of Woman.” 1966-Hypatia 19.2 (Spring): 35−55.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. 2012. “In This Our World” and Uncollected Poems. Edited by Gary Scharnhorst and Denise D. Knight. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. All references to Gilman’s verse are made to this edition, if not otherwise indicated.
Malinowska, Agnes. 2018. “Technocratic Evolution: Experimental Naturalism and American Biopolitics around 1900.” PhD Diss., University of Chicago.
Rich, Charlotte. 2004. “From Near-Dystopia to Utopia: A Source for Herland in Inez Haynes Gillmore’s Angel Island.” In Charlotte Perkins Gilman and her Contemporaries, edited by Cynthia J. Davis and Denise D. Knight, 155−170. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.
Sederholm, Carl. 2013. Review of In “This Our World” and Uncollected Poems by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The Journal of American Culture 36.2: 140−41.
Vertinsky, Patricia. 2001. “A Militant Madonna: Charlotte Perkins Gilman,
Feminism and Physical Culture.” The International Journal of the History of Sport 18.1: 55−72.
Webster Collegiate Dictionary. 10th edition.
Whitman, Walt. Prose Works 1892. 1964. Edited by Floyd Stovall. New York: New York University Press.
Copyright (c) 2020 Amer Rasool Mahdi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All copyrights are reserved for the AL-Adab Journal. It is prohibited to print, copy, translate or re compose the journal whether completely or partly. Recording on cassettes, saving to computer or programming on optical discs are also prohibited without a written consent of the publisher, otherwise legal prosecution will take place by the Iraqi judicature.
Editor in chief